It is from that cluster at 67 ° N, it is definitely a real fire! pic.twitter.com/Gv999h1lLD
– Dr. Thomas Smith 🔥🌏 (@DrTels) May 6, 2020
“Whatever they are (land clearance? Natural?) They were happening at the same time last year,” Smith wrote, posting a photo of the same location from 2019. “Zombie fire?” Perrington replied. And thus a new “catchier” name was born, commonly called “holdover or overwintering fire” by fire managers. The name is synonymous with real danger because they are causing fire, however. Once the fire is extinguished on the surface, they can continue to smolder underground, burning through peat and other organic materials. Fueled by methane and untouched by ice – they can burn all winter long. As the temperature begins to climb in the spring and the soil dries, the land above the fire can rule.
Monitoring the arctic circle
It was the worst year on record for Arctic wildlife, when surveillance began 17 years ago. In the first half of July, as much carbon was released as a nation, the size of Cuba or Tunisia is released in a year. The flakes of smoke were so large, they covered the equivalent of more than a third of Canada. The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS), implemented by the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF) on behalf of the European Union, monitors emissions and activity of more than 100 wildfires occurring in the Arctic Circle in Sakha. Siberia and the Republic of Alaska for several months. In addition to the wildfires of Siberia and Alaska, another wildfire in northern Alberta, Canada was impressive in its size and intensity. The Chikag Creek Fire in northern Alberta burned more than 1,351 square miles (350,134 ha) and took three months, according to Global News Canada.
ZOMBIE FIR: In the summer of this year in the Arctic Circle, wildlife once again broke the record, surpassing last year’s carbon dioxide emissions.
Officials said the flakes of smoke were so large, they covered the equivalent of more than a third of Canada. https://t.co/uqeYWka6sq
& Mdash; CBS Evening News (@CBSEveningNews) 3 September 2020
According to Live Science, “clearly it’s related,” Copernicus senior scientist Mark Parrington told the BBC. “We really didn’t expect to see these levels of forest yet.” “Pete’s destruction by fire is troubling for many reasons,” said Dorothy Pettet, a senior research scientist at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York. “As fire burns the top layers of the peat, the permafrost depth may deepen, further oxidizing the underlying peat.” Copernicus estimates that between January and August of 2020, the fire left 244 megatons of carbon. It had more carbon than Vietnam for the entire year in 2017.
Says Perrington, “We know that temperatures in the Arctic are rising at a faster rate than the global average, and that the hot / dry conditions will provide the right conditions for a fire to occur when they have started. Data from our Global Fire Assimilation System show that fires in the Arctic Circle typically occur in July and August, so it has become unusual to see fires of this scale and duration in June. “” Our monitoring is important in raising awareness about the broader scale. The effects of wildfires and smoke emissions that can help organizations, businesses and individuals plan ahead against the effects of air pollution. ”