Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke on Tuesday called on President Trump to reduce a total of four national monuments and change the way six other land and marine sites are managed, a thorough review of how protected areas are maintained in the United States. [19659002ElinformefinaldeZinkeseproduceundíadespuésdequeTrumpfirmaraproclamacionesenUtahqueredujerondosenormesmonumentosnacionalesallí:BearsEarsenun85porcientoyGrandStaircase-Escalanteenun46porcientoElpresidentehabíadirigidoaZinkeenabrilarevisar27monumentosnacionalesestablecidosdesde1996bajolaLeydeAntigüedadesqueotorgaalpresidenteampliaautoridadparasalvaguardarlastierrasyaguasfederalesbajoamenaza
In addition to the sites Utah, Zinke supports reducing Nevada Gold Butte Cascade-Siskiyou and Oregon, but are still determining the exact reductions. It will also review the proclamations for those and others to clarify that activities such as grazing, the use of motorized vehicles and commercial fishing should be allowed.
Additional affected monuments include Northeast Canyons and Seamounts in the Atlantic Ocean; both Rose Atoll and the Pacific Remote Islands in the Pacific Ocean; Mountain-Desert Peaks organ of New Mexico and Rio Grande Del Norte; and Katahdin Woods and Waters of Maine.
"The Law of Antiquities over time has done great things for our country, and has protected some of our greatest treasures," he said in a conference call with journalists, adding that Trump was "absolutely right." "To carry out the report because some of its predecessors had abused its authority.
"When powers are abused to turn a monument into a park, that is not within the powers of the president under the Antiquities Act," he said.
Zinke criticized the past actions of the federal government that stopped the traffic of motor vehicles in Cascade-Siskiyou until a transport plan was finalized, arguing that it interfered with local cross-country skiing the ability of operators to maintain traces.
"It should have been the other way around," he said.
For several sites, Zinke rec He suggested amending the language of proclamation of the monuments to ensure that activities such as grazing, hunting and fishing continue. While these practices often continue even after a presidential appointment, Zinke said he wants to make that legality clear because the ranchers have felt marginalized and fear they will face future restrictions.
In the case of New Mexico's national monuments, Zinke said he listened to the two Democratic senators from the state and others to decide not to modify their boundaries. But he wants to "make sure that the proclamation protects the prolonged grazing [in parts] of those monuments" and that the management of Organ Mountain-Desert Peaks does not interfere with US Customs and Border Control operations. UU In the area.
The Trump administration already faces multiple demands for the president's decision on Monday to reduce both Bears Ears, a sacred tribal site designated by Barack Obama a year ago, as Grand Staircase-Escalante, a prehistoric fossil reserve that Bill Clinton established in 1996.  "I do not give in to public pressure," Zinke said. "A sensible public policy is not based on threats of demand, it is doing the right thing."
The report is almost identical to the draft submitted by Zinke to the White House this summer, and much of the language is vague. For example, it seems to open the door to commercial fishing in three marine monuments where this practice is being eliminated or is already prohibited. However, the report calls for site proclamations to be modified to allow regional councils to "make fisheries management decisions authorized by the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act."
Zinke also finalized his recommendations to create three new national monuments: at Camp Nelson of Kentucky, a Civil War training site for African-American soldiers; at the house of Medgar Evers in Jackson, Miss; and in the Badger-Two Medicine area in his home state of Montana.
The secretary said he was "quite confident" that Trump would accept all of his recommendations, and intends to inform him "several times" in the coming weeks to obtain his approval. Zinke also rejected the idea that any of these alterations of existing monuments would amount to relinquishing control of federal lands, describing such criticisms as "nefarious, false and false."
Chairman of the House Natural Resources Committee, Rep. Rob Bishop (R- Utah) commended Zinke on Tuesday for "really listening to people locally" and Trump for showing "true courage against the machines of well-funded litigation. "
Bishop and members of the Utah Congress delegation have introduced legislation that would create a new national park in a part of Grand Staircase-Escalante, which will be called Escalante Canyons National Park.
"I know other people say this, but I'm telling you: friend, there's nothing like Utah." said Rep. Chris Stewart (R), the main sponsor of the bill. "Utah is an extraordinary state when it comes to natural beauty, we want to share that with as many people as we can."
Zinke said that "the interior would support" the establishment of a national park similar to Stewart's law.
Sharon Buccino, who directs the land and wildlife program at the Natural Resources Defense Council, a defense group, said in a statement that "Zinke's report, as yesterday's scandalous and illegal actions his boss, makes it clear: the Trump administration is waging a war against our treasured national monuments, by land, sea and air. "
Buccino called Stewart's project "an integral part of the same attack".
Dino Grandoni contributed to this report.