An individual’s intelligence may rely upon how versatile their mind is on the subject of storing and processing info, scientists say.
Their badysis places ahead a brand new idea which suggests the mind’s mental capability not solely is determined by the best way it’s wired – connections made by tens of millions of neurons to kind purposeful neural pathways – but in addition how this wiring shifts in response to altering mental calls for.
Study creator Dr Aron Barbey, psychology professor on the University of Illinois, mentioned: “When we are saying that somebody is wise, we perceive intuitively what which means.
“Usually, we’re referring to how good they’re at making selections and fixing specific sorts of issues.
“But recently in neuroscience, there’s been a focus on understanding in biological terms how general intelligence arises. That requires studying the structural and functional characteristics of the brain.”
Evolutionary psychologists consider the human mind to be a fancy modular organ, with completely different areas supporting particular talents.
Each module is believed to be made up of “innate neural structures” with distinct, evolutionarily-developed features.
These neural networks enable a number of elements of the mind to be activated when an individual engages in a specific cognitive talent.
According to Dr Barbey, neural networks badist two sorts of info processing – crystallised intelligence and fluid intelligence.
Crystallised intelligence includes sturdy connections – that are a results of months or years of neural site visitors on well-worn pathways – whereas fluid intelligence is weaker and varieties extra transient pathways – when the mind tackles distinctive or uncommon issues.
Dr Barbey mentioned: “Rather than forming everlasting connections, we’re always updating our prior data, and this includes forming new connections.
“The extra readily the mind varieties and reforms its connectivity in response to altering wants, the higher it really works.
“General intelligence requires each the flexibility to flexibly attain close by, easy-to-access states – to badist crystallised intelligence – but in addition the flexibility to adapt and attain difficult-to-access states – to badist fluid intelligence.
“What my colleagues and I’ve come to understand is that basic intelligence doesn’t originate from a single mind area or community.
“Emerging neuroscience evidence instead suggests that intelligence reflects the ability to flexibly transition between network states.”
The research is printed within the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences.