Yemen peace process fights and hunger spreads – tech2.org

Yemen peace process fights and hunger spreads



The fighting in Yemen has intensified in recent times, threatening to cancel a peace process and deepen aid groups for the world’s worst humanitarian devastation.

Around the port city of Hodeidah, where the Saudi-backed government and Iran-backed Houthi rebels negotiated a cease-fire at the end of 2018 to pave the way for a comprehensive settlement to end the nearly six-year war. .

The war of Yemen broke out in 2014 when the Houthis attacked the capital Sanaa. They are a tribal militia from the north of the country driven by a nationalist resistance to foreign intervention and ideology, particularly from Saudi Arabia, and have since expanded the area under their control. Saudi Arabia sees Iran’s support for its presence and movement on its southern border – as a dangerous extension of Tehran’s territorial footprint and formed an international, US-backed coalition to fight it.

According to international observers and both warring parties, last week, Hodeidah saw the highest increase in violence since the violence that occurred two years earlier. The skirmishes included airstrikes from the Saudi-backed coalition and rebel shelling, which continues elsewhere in the country.

According to the Civilian Impact Monitoring Project, the nationwide civilian casualties in September were the highest since last November, killing 67 and injuring 123, which collects data from Yemen’s armed conflict.

Violence risks increasing with the widespread man-made hunger crisis in Yemen, where two-thirds of the population need food aid. The United Nations’ World Food Program, which won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, runs its largest emergency program in Yemen.

A man carrying aid packages from the World Food Program in Taiz, Yemen on Saturday.


Photo:

Ahmed Al-Basha / Agence France-Presse / Getty Images

The WFP received the Peace Prize for its fight against “hunger as a weapon of war”. During the war in Yemen, the ruling coalition and the Houthis have disrupted the supply of food and water as a method of war in violation of international law according to the United Nations

The coalition has imposed an air, land and sea blockade on the Houthi areas around Sanya, subject to alliance approval with imports, raising prices. The coalition’s airstrikes have destroyed hundreds of fishing boats and farmers’ farms, aid and human rights organizations say. The main port entrance to the north will cause a disruption in operations at Hodeidih, further increasing prices. A rapid depreciation currency has not helped.

Alex De Waal, author of “Massive Starvation: History and Future Famines,” said, “In the beginning, the Saudis expected a small war and thought that fighting the Houthis on land using the blockade is extremely difficult.”

“This turned into a relentless effort to destroy the economy of the Houthi-controlled areas, including attacks on many necessities to sustain life,” he said.

Mohammed al-Bukhaiti, a Houthi political official, said: “The effects of the blockade itself are worse than aggression, and so we always say that it is necessary to lift both the ceasefire and the siege to start the peace process.”

The Houthis, Mr de Waal said, “portrayed the suffering of the Yemeni people, along with the aid of human people”.

Within Sanya, the Houthis distribute international aid by attempting to tax 2% on aid in their territories. The WFP last year accused Houthis of divert aid, and threatened a phased suspension of aid altogether. The Houthis have also laid siege to the country’s third largest city of Taiz in the south-west.

According to international aid agencies, the coalition has indiscriminately obtained food transport, markets, and water facilities from the bombs, while the Houthis Shells describe the purchase of civilian food as a dangerous endeavor.

Hodeidah, where Yemeni forces fought on 8 October, saw the worst increase in violence since the truss two years earlier.


Photo:

Najib Alambobi / EPA / Shutterstock

Such a strategy is “the careless pursuit of military, political and economic objectives that intentionally lead to starvation as a predictable outcome,” said Mr. De Waal, who is also the executive director of the Massachusetts-based World Peace Foundation. “Knowing that Yemen was already so weak, waging a war of starvation there is doubly condemnable.”

Some 7.4 million Yemenis have no idea where their next meal will come from, and there is an acute need for aid to get more than 12 million drinking water, according to the U.N., two million children require acute treatment for malnutrition , Which can increase growth and affect mental development.

Kovid-19 has intensified the crisis, although Yemen has reported only 2,000 cases due to limited testing capacity and poor reporting in Houthi areas. In some regions, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Yemen, the minimum food basket cost has increased by more than 35%, also due to the currency crisis.

Meanwhile, as UN-brocade peace efforts, the Houthis have opened three new fronts in the Marib region east of San’a, advancing to the last bastion of the internationally recognized government, which last year saw the southern city Was removed by the separatists from Aden. Capturing Marib will control the rebels of one of the country’s largest oil and gas fields.

The brigade said that the offensive in Marib has given the rebels thwart attacks in Hodeidah. General Sadiq Dvaid, spokesman for coalition-backed national resistance.

Howthis accused the alliance of hurting him. The political officer of the Hothi, Mr. Bukhaiti, said that the coalition had pushed the Houthi army away from Marib by attacking Hodi. The SABA news agency operated by Houthi reported on Saturday that the coalition carried out 24 airstrikes in Hodeidah and four other provinces since Friday.

Write Sune Engel Rasmussen at [email protected]

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