According to a New World Wildlife Fund report published on Thursday, wildlife has been wiped out at an “unprecedented” rate since the 1970s, with an unprecedented 68 percent drop in wildlife populations.
Living Planet said incompatible agriculture and deforestation are the two main drivers, and urgent action is needed to reverse the trend.
“Our planet is flashing red warning signs,” said Marco Lambertini, director general of WWF International, an NGO that focuses on preserving nature.
“From fishes in our oceans and rivers to bees that play an important role in our agricultural production, the decline of wildlife directly affects nutrition, food security and the livelihoods of billions of people.”
The situation is most harsh in tropical regions of Latin American, where the species has declined by an average of 94 percent following large-scale deforestation and conversion to wild places for agriculture.
Land drainage and deforestation have hit record levels in Brazil in recent years as farmers seek to transform forests and grasslands for agriculture. Cattle grazing and soy farming – mostly used as animal feed for the meat industry – are the primary drivers.
The report states that three quarters of the Earth’s non-ice surface has been replaced and no longer contains forests, while most of the oceans are now polluted and more than 85 percent of the planet’s wetlands have been lost.
The report calls on the world to improve the volatile food system, increase protected areas for wildlife, and for people in high-meat-eating countries – such as the US – to shift to “lower levels of animal calories”.
The findings underscore the fact that the planets face twin crises in biodiversity and climate and that the two are intrinsically linked, as reported. A warming climate puts the fifth of all species at risk of extinction in the next century, which are most at risk in a tropical region with biodiversity.
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The severity of the climate crisis was outlined on Wednesday as studies in the United States and the UK, published in the Cryosphere Journal, identified how large-scale Thwaites glaciers in Antarctica could be threatened by rapid melting, which is expected The warm ocean can melt faster after being larger than the cavities. – were identified.
The glacier has been dubbed the “doomsday glacier” due to its sheer size – as large as the state of Florida – and the ability to raise sea levels more than 25 inches alone if faced with a rapid collapse. .
Historically low sea ice levels allowed research teams to map the ocean bed from ships and airplanes – allowing them to identify the hot water channels that reach the bottom of the glacier.
They found that the seas are both deeper, and warmer water channels are wider than previously thought.
The lead author of the British Antarctic Survey, Dr. “For the first time we have a clear view of the path along which hot water can reach the bottom of the glacier, causing it to melt and contribute to global sea-level rise,” said Kelly Hogan. .
Over the past 30 years, ice loss from thwaites has increased rapidly and now global sea levels have increased by 4 percent.