Participation in the Agreement will enhance India's nonproliferation credentials.
India has been admitted as the 42nd member of the Wassenaar Arrangement, a global export control regime. This development will refine India's nonproliferation credentials and expand its access to sensitive technologies.
On Thursday, the members of the Wassenaar Arrangement, during their two-day plenary meeting in Vienna, decided to admit India. In a statement, they noted:
The Wassenaar Arrangement states reviewed the progress of a series of current membership applications and agreed at the plenary meeting to admit India that it will become the 42nd participating state of the Arrangement as soon as The procedural arrangements necessary to join the WAs are completed.
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Formally known as the Wassenaar Agreement on Export Controls for Conventional Weapons and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies, the organization is designed to regulate the export of sensitive technologies that could lead to "destabilizing accumulations", according to
Established in 1996, the Settlement has become an important component of the global non-proliferation regime, and Member States exchange information on their transfers of conventional weapons and dual-use goods to states outside the agreement.  To be admitted into the Settlement, states must meet certain criteria, including the acceptance of a series of non-proliferation treaties, including the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
India's admission to the Settlement is not based on this requirement; New Delhi has never signed the NPT and has tried to polish its non-proliferation credentials through its behavior and policies since its nuclear dismantling in 1998.
Although admission requires consensus, the US backing for Indian admission The Arrangement reaffirmed The Obama administration helped the case of New Delhi.
In addition, US support for India following the bilateral agreement of the two countries on civil nuclear cooperation in 2005 helped New Delhi acquire an exemption from the Nuclear Suppliers Group in 2008 and access the Technology Control Regime of Missiles (RCTM) in 2016.
India has also applied for membership in the Australia Group, an informal export control group related to the non-proliferation of chemical and biological weapons.
India's Admission to the Wassenaar Arrangement was facilitated in part by China's non-participation in the Arrangement. (Beijing informally maintains export control standards consistent with those required by the Arrangement.)
In 2016, China opposed India's accession to the Nuclear Suppliers Group, frustrating New Delhi, which had invested considerable diplomatic capital. in your membership campaign. Membership in the group is by consensus.
India's membership in the Wassenaar Arrangement depended in part on the lack of consensus, with Italy challenging the participation of New Delhi until the two countries repaired their bilateral relationship this year after a multi-year dispute. the fate of two Italian sailors who killed two Indian fishermen in 2012.
Earlier this year, India had updated its export control lists to conform to international standards, including those required by the Wassenaar Arrangement.