Tuesday, September 15, 2020
The increase is the largest in the history of national studies.
According to the 2019 survey results of the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, marijuana and vaping nicotine grew rapidly in college-age (19–22 years) adults over the past three years. Percentage of college students who said they increased marijuana in the last 30 days from 5.2% in 2017 to 14% in 2019. The percentage for their non-college attending peers increased from 7.8% in 2017 to 17% in 2019.
The MTF, a continuous study of substance use trends by adolescents and adults in the United States, is funded by the National Drug Abuse (NIDA), an institute of the National Institutes of Health. The survey is conducted by scientists at the University of Michigan’s Social Research, Ann Arbor.
The percentage of college-aged adults between 19 and 22 years of age who have increased nicotine dramatically between 2017 and 2019. In 2017, 6.1% of college students and 7.9% of those who did not attend college said that they had emitted nicotine in the previous month, which rose to 22% and 18% respectively in 2019, in vaping marijuana and nicotine. The increases are among the largest increases in use for any substance reported by the study in its 45-year history.
“We are seeing an increasingly related trend,” Nora D. Volco, MD, NIDA director said. “Many youth may see the use of vaping and cannabis as ‘safe’, but the reality is that nicotine is highly addictive, and cannabis can also be addictive, especially in younger adults for whom the brain still develops Happening.”
The MTF study monitors substance use annually among college students and non-college adults since the 1980s. The results are based on data from college students after one to four years of high school graduation who are enrolled full-time in two or four years. In March of a given year in college, no more full-time enrollment occurred in college than same-age high school graduates. These 2019 survey results are now online.
The 2019 data also revealed a consistently high prevalence of marijuana use among young adults, aged 19 to 22. In 2018, 43% of this group – regardless of college attendance – reported using marijuana in the previous year, and this percentage was unchanged in 2019. Particularly notable is the prevalence of daily, or near-daily, marijuana use among those who do not attend college in 2019 – at 15%, the highest level since the survey began. This compares to 5.9% of college students who report daily or near-daily use marijuana.
The 2019 MTF survey data shows the pattern of drug use before the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic. The impact of the epidemic on substance use and related behaviors and attitudes among the country’s young adults may be reflected in future MTF survey results. The MTF Middle and High School student findings of 2020 are scheduled to be released later in 2020.
Other highlights include the 2019 survey results on college-age adults:
- To smoke The downward trend continued, with 7.9% of college students reporting smoking in the previous month. Among their peers who are not in college, 16% reported smoking in the past month, an all-time low.
- binge drinking (Five or more drinks in a row in the last two weeks), which has been gradually decreasing over the past few decades, showed no significant change for young adults attending or not attending college. In 2019, 33% of college students and 22% of adults not in college reported binge drinking. The level of high intensity drinks (10 or more drinks in a row over the last two weeks) has been around 11% since 2015 for people aged 19 to 22, regardless of college attendance.
- Prescription opioid abuse In the previous year, 1.5% of college students and 3.3% of those who did not attend college were not reporting non-medical use of opioids (drugs other than heroin) in the previous year. This represents a five-year significant decline in 2014 at rates of 4.8% and 7.7% respectively.
- Use amphetamine The decline continued in the previous year with 8.1% of college students and 5.9% of non-Angel respondents reporting non-medical use of amphetamine.
Information on previous years’ MTF survey findings and other resources, including infographic, can be found on NIDA’s College-Age and Young Adults webpage.
About National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, the US Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports much of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug use and addiction. The institute conducts a variety of programs to inform policy, improve practice and addiction to science. Fact sheets on the health effects of medicines and information on NIDA research and other activities can be found. www.drugabuse.gov, Which is compatible with your smartphone, iPad or tablet. To order publication in English or Spanish, call NIDA’s DrugPubs Research Dissemination Center at 1-877-NIDA-NIH or 240-645-0228 (TDD), or request an email [email protected]. Online ordering available drugpubs.drugabuse.gov. Can be found on NIDA’s Media Guide www.drugabuse.gov/publications/media-guide/dear-journalist, And can be found on its easy-to-read website www.easyread.drugabuse.gov. You can follow NIDA Twitter And Facebook.
About National Institutes of Health (NIH):The NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, consists of 27 institutions and centers and is a component of the US Department of Health and Human Services. The NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.
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