Highlights of the story
- A baby born of a woman who had a successful uterus transplant
- The first baby born of the uterus transplanted in Sweden in 2014
The hospital has not revealed many details about the birth, even when the baby was born. The patient and his family also requested privacy at this time, according to the hospital.
Giuliano Testa, the principal investigator of the clinical trial of uterine transplants at the hospital, called the birth a "milestone" and "a beautiful moment of love and hope for a mother who was told she could never bear her own son", it's a statement.
The transplant was carried out as part of a clinical trial to study new infertility treatment options for women who do not have a functioning uterus. This could be because women were born without the organ, lost their uterus or have one that no longer works.
It is an irreversible condition, called uterine factor infertility, which affects 5% of women worldwide.
The Baylor team had contributions from the Swedish researchers in their current clinical trial.
How a uterus transplant works
Women selected for the study should be healthy with functional ovaries. Before surgery, a recipient undergoes in vitro fertilization to remove the ovules from their ovaries. Their eggs would be fertilized in the laboratory with sperm.
After that, he receives a transplant from the donor's uterus and cervix.
For one year after the transplant, the medical team verified how the recipient's body reacts to the new organ. If all goes well, an embryo is transferred to the transplanted uterus and then closely monitored until a cesarean.
The transplanted organ is not designed to be permanent, since the recipients must take anti-rejection medications. After the first or second pregnancy, the donated uterus is removed.
Debra Goldschmidt of CNN contributed to this report.