The United States has moved away from a United Nations effort to alleviate global migration and the refugee crisis, and the Trump administration said it was no longer compatible with the principles or priorities of the United States. UU About the topic.
In a statement, the United States Mission said that the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants – recognized by the United States last year under the Obama administration – "contains numerous provisions that are inconsistent with immigration and refugee policies of the United States ".
Nikki Haley, US ambbadador to the UN, said the decision was made by President Donald Trump after noting that "the United States is proud of our immigrant heritage and our long-standing moral leadership in providing support to the refugee and migrant populations around the world. "
"But," Haley continued, "our decisions on immigration policies should always be made by Americans and Americans, we will decide how to better control our borders and who will be"
Ambbadador Nikki Haley: "The United States takes pride in our immigrant heritage and our long-standing moral leadership by supporting migrant and refugee populations around the world … But our decisions about immigration policy must always be made only by Americans and Americans. " pic.twitter.com/By2ObmBrEy
– United States Mission to the UN (@USUN) December 3, 2017
World leaders and dignitaries from 193 member states of the UN adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants in September 2016, paving the way for the global pact for migration.
The compact, which is expected to be adopted in 2018, aims to facilitate safe and orderly migration around the world. It will present a framework for comprehensive international cooperation on migrants, establish a series of viable commitments and address issues such as the protection of migrants' security, dignity, human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson applauded Trump's decision to abandon the agreement and said that "strengthening global governance" would be contrary to the laws and policies of the United States. UU
"While we will continue to participate on several fronts at the United Nations, in this case, we simply can not support in good faith a process that could undermine the sovereign right of the United States to enforce our immigration laws and secure our borders. "Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said in a statement.
The US Mission UU At the UN, he informed Secretary General António Guterres of his decision to withdraw from the process on Saturday before an international meeting on the global pact for migration in Mexico.
Miroslav Lajčák, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Slovakia and current president of the UN General Assembly, said he regretted the decision of the United States to withdraw from the agreement.
According to the Lajčák spokesperson, the member states of the United Nations agreed that no country could handle the international crisis that migration poses in isolation.
"The role of the United States in this process is critical as it has historically and generously welcomed people from all over the world and continues to be home to the largest number of international migrants in the world," the spokesperson said. "As such, he has the experience and experience to help ensure that this process leads to a successful outcome."
Trump's position on refugees
During his election campaign, President Trump warned that refugees allowed in the United States could become a great "Trojan horse" that could harm America if left unchecked.
Earlier this year, the Trump administration suspended the entry of immigrants from several Muslim-majority countries and prevented the entry of all refugees into the United States. The refugee ban ended in October, and Trump allowed the resumption of admissions, but with new improved detection measures.
In September, the administration also suggested limiting the number of refugees admitted into the country next year by 45,000, a dramatic cut in the number of applications processed by the US. UU In recent years.
The UN Refugee Agency estimates that more than 65 million people have been forcibly displaced around the world, including about 22.5 million refugees.
More than one million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe during the 2015 migration crisis, and a record number of migrants died trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea in 2016. The latest figures show that a total of almost 150,000 people entered Europe during the first nine months of 2017, and more than 15,200 children arrived alone in Europe after completing dangerous migration trips.