Chinese experts have warned against America’s plans to set up a nuclear power plant on the moon by 2027. The US Space Policy Directive-6 (SPD-6) states that there must be a fission power system on the lunar surface. 40 kW-electric (kWe) and higher is scalable to electric range.
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SPD-6 envisages America’s national strategy for space nuclear power and propulsion. A Chinese media report said that America’s ambitions could boost lunar military projects in the future as it seeks space domination regardless of the damage.
While the US claims that the plant will “support Mars’ continued presence and Mars exploration”, China envisions the military motives behind the installation.
Chinese military expert Song Zhongping told state-run Global times The moon is enriched with helium-3, which can be used to produce energy by nuclear fusion. In the name of building a nuclear power plant that includes the exploitation of nuclear material, the US can turn the moon into a nuclear weapons production site.
US President Donald Trump has issued SPD-6, which formulates a national strategy for the responsible and effective use of space nuclear power and propulsion (SNPP) systems. This comes at a time when China’s Chang’-5 successfully completed its lunar mission and returned with lunar samples.
The Chinese expert claims that the signing of SPD-6 shows the US ‘intention to drag China into space, just as Ronald Reagan’s’ Star Wars’ program of the then Soviet Union did in the 1980s. Happened with. It was a strategic defense initiative (SDI) aimed at protecting the United States from any attack from ballistic strategic nuclear weapons.
In addition, US policy uses the SNPP to maintain its dominance and strategic leadership in space and to advance “American unilateralism”, said Li Haidong, professor at the Institute of International Relations at the University of China Foreign Affairs .
Lee alleged that the US plan is against international consent to use outer space. According to the lunar treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1979, the celestial body and the moon are “not subject to national appropriation with the claim of sovereignty, through use or possession, or by any other means”.
The US has generally followed the rules in the treaty but never formally joined. Earlier this year, President Trump proposed new rules, contrary to earlier agreements. Called the ‘Artemis Accord’, it allows the use of lunar resources for commercial gain.
The agreement also focuses on establishing “security zones” around landing sites, which can be interpreted as actual ownership of areas of the Moon, which are prohibited by the Outer Space Treaty.
The Outer Space Treaty was largely based on the ‘Declaration of the legal principles governing the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space’. It provides an infrastructure for international space law.
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