Updated detailed jump station of & # 39; Roadmap & # 39; for asteroids, missions on Mars – tech2.org

Updated detailed jump station of & # 39; Roadmap & # 39; for asteroids, missions on Mars



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An international organization of space exploration agencies has plans to place an orbital "entry" platform in low Earth orbit to act as a transit station for future missions to the Moon, directed asteroids and Mars. In an updated planning document called Global Exploration Roadmap, the organization hopes that what is known as the Deep Space Gateway (developed by NASA) will be operational sometime in the 2020s, and the more distant missions will be will launch within the next two decades.

Space News reported this week that the International Space Exploration Coordination Group (ISECG), an organization of 15 space agencies (including NASA), has updated its Global Exploration Roadmap, a plan that shows the objectives of disparate space agencies with respect to the exploration of near space and deep space. The latest plan, an amended document that improves the 2013 road map of the organization that will be published in January, highlights initiatives for human exploratory missions to the Moon and Mars. It also emphasizes an extended presence in low Earth orbit, such as the continuous operation of the International Space Station (ISS) and a cislunar habitat, the aforementioned Deep Space Gateway.

With NASA set to deploy its heavy Lift Space Launch System (SLS) with an Orion capsule by the end of 2019, Kathy Laurini, NASA's senior adviser for space exploration and operations, testified at the Global Exploration Roadmap workshop in NASA's Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California, on November 29 that it was necessary to decide what those vehicles would ultimately be used for. "We have been committed to our international partners on how we will use them to explore together," he added.

ISECG members, who preside over Laurini, plan to use the Roadmap to promote space exploration agendas in their own respective nations. Membership in the organization is voluntary and your suggestions and plans are considered non-binding. Even so, members intend to show legislators and funding agencies how specific programs will contribute to global efforts, Space News reported Laurini, according to what he says.

The Deep Space Gateway itself is a NASA concept. John Guidi, deputy director of advanced exploration systems at NASA, describes the space station as an "orbital platform" that could be used as a landing base for transported astronauts to explore near-Earth asteroids and Mars.

"The Cislunar orbit is the sweet spot It is close enough to the Earth and the moon, but outside the gravity wells."

  the space station orbits the Earth

The plans for the space walkway deep include three phases. Phase 0 involves research and current and ongoing testing at the ISS. Phase 1 is scheduled to begin in the 2020s, by which international space agencies would explore in the vicinity of the Moon and where NASA would work on the construction of the Deep Space Access Gate, a manned outpost with only 10 percent of the habitable volume of the ISS. In addition to the construction and completion of the Gateway, several space agencies would send robotic missions to the surface of the Moon and prepare for further human lunar exploration. This will be followed by Phase 2 in the 2030s, where those agencies would launch exploration missions designed to orbit distant Mars.

That's the plan, the Roadmap. However, future programs such as the Deep Space Gateway, not to mention the launch of the SLS and Orion programs, which are much more closed, depend to a large extent on the authorization and funding of the US Congress. UU As is now the case, ongoing space exploration projects and planned future programs await the promulgation of a new budget, which has not yet been enacted.

But the objectives of the ISECG are not the only plans to expand the presence of humanity in space. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk announced in June his long-term plans to arrive and colonize Mars. And in May, astronaut Buzz Aldrin revealed his vision of a series of cislunar space stations that would form a circuit to move men and material between stations, the Moon (complete with a lunar base) and, finally, Mars.

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