Researchers at the University of Alabama published their findings in the JAMA Network on Wednesday.
Hypertension, or hypertension, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is a common, but dangerous condition. It increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, and the CDC states that people with hypertension “may be at an increased risk for severe disease from COVID-19”, although the study authors said it is uncertain .
Researchers used data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess any change in blood pressure control in American adults with hypertension during 1999 to 2018.
A hypertensive condition was defined as systolic blood pressure (top number) exceeding 140 mm Hg and diastolic figure (lower number) as greater than 90 mm Hg. According to Healthline, systolic pressure “refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries during contraction of your heart muscle,” while diastolic pressure, the number below, “increases your blood pressure when your heart muscle is between beats.” Refers to. ”
In over 18,000 adults with hypertension, the ratio with blood pressure control increased from about 32% in 1999–2000 to about 49% by 2007–08. The researchers said that blood pressure control then remained stable until 2013–14, down from about 54% before falling to 44% by 2017–18.
When researchers implemented more stringent blood pressure guidelines issued in 2017 from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (list of high blood pressure as a reading of 130/80 mmHg or higher), they found that only 19% of Americans They had control for adult blood pressure.
Federal recommendations suggest annual blood pressure screening for adults over 40, and for younger adults at risk.
“In the current study, a substantial percentage of adults aged 18 to 44 with hypertension were not aware that they had hypertension. Efforts are needed to ensure BP screening for younger adults,” the study authors wrote , Given that additional efforts are required to initiate and maintain antihypertensive medication among younger adults.