With the failure of the resolution, the US is now poised to move unilaterally triggered sanctions on Tehran – despite Iran pulling away from the nuclear deal in 2018 – a possible action that has drawn suspicion and alarm with allies and experts warning. That can spell the end of the historic settlement.
US Ambassador to the United Nations Kelly Kraft said in a statement on Friday that the US has “every right to initiate a snapback of the provisions of previous Security Council resolutions” and that “in the coming days, the United States will abide by that promise Extend arms that promise not to stop.
The US only supported the Dominican Republic’s proposal. Russia and China were opposed, while Germany, France, the United Kingdom and eight others were left out.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement on Friday, “The UN Security Council takes responsibility for maintaining international peace and security. It failed to maintain its fundamental mission set today.”
Under the terms of the 2015 Comprehensive Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA), a ban on conventional weapons on Iran is legally scheduled to expire in mid-October. For months, the Trump administration has sought to expand Embargo despite being out of agreement – a campaign that was predicted to fail.
This week, the US introduced a resolution to the UN Security Council that would commission the current Embaro indefinitely. The US Special Representative for Iran Brian Hook argued that it was a “settlement text”.
“We listened to members of the Security Council and created a new text that is both appropriate and necessary,” he told reporters on Thursday.
“The failure of the Security Council to act decisively in protecting international peace and security,” Pompeo said. “The United States will never leave our friends in the region who expect more from the Security Council. We will continue to work to ensure that the democratic terrorist regime does not have the freedom to buy and sell weapons, which Europe “The heart is in danger.” Middle East and beyond. ”
Behnam Ben Talebu, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracy, said the Security Council’s decision “pushes the United Nations to unilaterally reduce all UN penalties.”
“Tehran is sure to make fun of the unsuccessful attempt to rally the international community to pressure the Islamic Republic (Iran),” he said.
Iran’s Ambassador to the United Nations Majid Takht Ravanchi criticized the possible sanctions. “The impact of any sanctions or sanctions on Iran by the Security Council will be severely met by Iran and our options are not limited. And the United States and any entity that can assist or obtain its illegal behavior Is, will bear the entire responsibility. ”Ravanchi said in a statement.
The Quincy Institute executive vice president, Trita Parsi, argued that the “Weapon Ambrogo vote was just a proposal the administration believed it would have to force the UNSC to ban Iran, a mechanism that could only trigger for the JCPOA” . ” . ”
He said, “A strong case has to be made, and others (members of the Permanent Security Council) will make it – that the US cannot trigger snapbacks because it is no longer a partner in the JCPOA.”
‘You don’t have cake and can eat it too’
Trump administration officials have argued that the United States has the legal authority to re-impose sanctions on Iran under UN Security Council Resolution 2231.
“Resolution 2231 establishes a definite period of time,” JCPOA participants said, “Hook told reporters on Thursday.” It explicitly includes the United States in its definition. Resolution 2231 does not place any other conditions on the eligibility of states that are among the JCPOA nominated participants. Developments beyond the four corners of Resolution 2231 could not and could not alter the authority of the United States. “Start Snapchat.”
Hook said the United States on Thursday circulated a six-page legal memorandum on the matter to members of the United Nations Security Council.
The situation in America had screwed up between eyebrows and diplomats.
European allies agreed that weapons capacity in and out of Iran was threatened, but was angered that the US withdrew from the nuclear deal but still claimed to be a partner and has the ability to withdraw sanctions .
A Security Council diplomat said, “You can’t eat your cake and eat it too.”
China predicted in Friday’s meeting that America’s attempt at snapback sanctions is “doomed to fail”.
Robert Mlay, president of the International Crisis Group and former White House negotiator for the Iran deal, said that “the Trump administration’s maximum pressure campaign is turning to minimal diplomacy while pursuing the same goal: killing or creating the Iran nuclear deal”. Joe) must work very hard to overcome Biden, he should win in November. ”
Experts warned that if UN sanctions are withdrawn on Iran, it could serve to destroy the nuclear deal and further damage regional tensions already in place. Tehran has curtailed its commitments under the agreement, saying it will return to compliance as soon as the US returns to the treaty and unilaterally removes sanctions against Iran.
CNN’s Kylie Atwood and Nicole Gout contributed to this report.