Although it also criticizes Pakistan, the main focus of the 49-page report is the human rights situation between July 2016 and April 2018 in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in northern India.
Unconditional access to the region was denied by the Indian and Pakistani governments, the UN says it was based primarily on public information, based on the research and monitoring of humanitarian organizations, journalists and human rights activists.
Muslim – most of Kashmir is one of the world's enduring geopolitical centers, the epicenter of a rivalry between India and Pakistan that has its roots in the partition of the subcontinent after the end of British colonial rule in 1947. Since then , Predominantly Hindu and Muslim India – the majority of Pakistan has waged three wars against each other, two of them in Kashmir.
It remains a point of conflict, with each side frequently accusing the other of ceasefire violations along the de facto border.
"The political dimensions of the dispute between India and Pakistan have long been at the center of the scene, but this is not a conflict frozen in time, it is a conflict that has stolen millions of their basic human rights, and continues to this day, to inflict immeasurable suffering, "said Zeid Ra & # 39; ad Al Hussein, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
One of the issues highlighted by the report is the special legal regime in force on the Indian side of the LoC, which the UN said had "created structures that they obstruct. " the normal course of the law prevents accountability and endangers the right of victims of human rights violations to remedy it. "
In its refutation of the UN report, India said that the document had ignored terrorism in the region "that emanates from Pakistan and the territories under its illegal control." India has always accused Islamabad of help and help terrorist groups active in the region.