UN calls for international investigation into human rights violations in Kashmir



In its first report on the situation of human rights in Kashmir, which for decades has been divided between India and Pakistan, the UN details what it described as "human rights violations and abuses on both sides of the Line of Control "(LoC)," the de facto border between neighbors with nuclear weapons. "

Although it also criticizes Pakistan, the main focus of the 49-page report is the human rights situation between July 2016 and April 2018 in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in northern India.

New Delhi rejected the report "fallacious, biased and motivated," according to a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India. The Pakistani government, citing the main focus of the report, welcomed the call for an international investigation.

Unconditional access to the region was denied by the Indian and Pakistani governments, the UN says it was based primarily on public information, based on the research and monitoring of humanitarian organizations, journalists and human rights activists.

Muslim – most of Kashmir is one of the world's enduring geopolitical centers, the epicenter of a rivalry between India and Pakistan that has its roots in the partition of the subcontinent after the end of British colonial rule in 1947. Since then , Predominantly Hindu and Muslim India – the majority of Pakistan has waged three wars against each other, two of them in Kashmir.

It remains a point of conflict, with each side frequently accusing the other of ceasefire violations along the de facto border.

"The political dimensions of the dispute between India and Pakistan have long been at the center of the scene, but this is not a conflict frozen in time, it is a conflict that has stolen millions of their basic human rights, and continues to this day, to inflict immeasurable suffering, "said Zeid Ra & # 39; ad Al Hussein, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

One of the issues highlighted by the report is the special legal regime in force on the Indian side of the LoC, which the UN said had "created structures that they obstruct. " the normal course of the law prevents accountability and endangers the right of victims of human rights violations to remedy it. "

The most recent outbreak of large-scale violence in the Indian section occurred in 2016, when a young militant leader killed by the Indian security forces, sparking protests throughout the Himalayan region.At least 90 people died and thousands were injured.

In its refutation of the UN report, India said that the document had ignored terrorism in the region "that emanates from Pakistan and the territories under its illegal control." India has always accused Islamabad of help and help terrorist groups active in the region.

  The Kashmir dispute in India and Pakistan: What you need to know

[19659002"Terrorismandcross-borderinfringementhaveasobjectivetorepressthewillofJammuandCachemiratointerrupttheirpoliticalandsocialintegritytounderminetheintegrityofIndia"saidtheMinistryofForeignAffairsofIndia

Even when Both countries remain in disagreement In the region, the UN report details the impact that ongoing conflict has had on schools and colleges in Indian-controlled Kashmir. "It is estimated that 130 school days were lost in 2016 for approximately 1.4 million children," according to the UN.

In its recommendations to improve human rights, the UN has called for greater access to activists and journalists to increase transparency in the region. "It remains an urgent need to address past and ongoing human rights violations and to do justice for all Kashmiris who have suffered seven decades of conflict," the UN said.

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