Martin Hearer, an Austrian-British researcher at Imperial College London, is the winner of the 2021 Breakthrough Prize for Mathematics, an annual $ 3m (£ 2.3m) prize that has come to rival the Nobel in terms of kudos and prestige.
Hairker won the award for his work on stochastic analysis, a field that describes how random effects fall on a tissue such as shaking a cup of tea, a wildfire surge, or the spread of a water drop. In a burning complex problem.
His major work, a 180-page treatise that familiarized the world with “regular structures”, so shocked his colleagues that one suggested that it should be transmitted to Haire by a more intelligent foreign civilization.
Heyer, who lives in a London flat with his wife and fellow Imperial mathematician, Xue-Mei Lee, heard that he had won the prize in a Skype call while Britain was still in lockdown. “It was completely unexpected,” he said. “I didn’t think about it at all, so it was a complete setback. We couldn’t get outside or anything, so we celebrated at home. ”
The award is one of several decisive awards announced each year by a foundation founded by Israeli-Russian investor Yuri Milner and Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg. A committee of past recipients selects the winners who are all leading lights in mathematics and science.
Other winners announced Thursday include Denis Low, a Hong Kong scientist who was inspired by a 3D Harry Potter film that developed a test for a genetic mutation in a DNA shed by unborn babies, and a team of physicists Experiments showed that the additional dimension reality exists, they are less than a third of the hair’s width.
Yet another winner at Harvard University, Catherine Dulac, has overturned misconceptions about paternity, showing that neural circuits for maternal and paternal behavior are found in both men and women.
Heyer grew up in Geneva where he soon established himself as a rare talent. His entry for a school science competition became Amadeus – “The Swiss Army Knife of Sound Editing” – now used in an updated form by music makers and game designers. He still maintains the software as a sideline for his educational work.
After dalling with physics at university, Heyer moved into mathematics. The realization that ideas in theoretical physics can be reversed and sent to dustbins rapidly did not appeal. He said, “I would not really like to put my name on an outcome that would be separated from anything else after three years.” “In mathematics, if you get a result, that’s it. This is the universality of mathematics, you search for the absolute truth. ”
Hair’s expertise lies in stochastic partial differential equations, a branch of mathematics that describes how randomness in processes such as the movement of air in a wind tunnel or the creep limit of a water droplet landing on a tissue throws up the disorder. When the randomness is strong enough, the solutions of the equations become out of control. “In some cases, the solutions fluctuate so wildly that it’s not even clear what the equation means in the first place,” he said.
With the invention of regularity structures, Heyer showed how the infinitely jagged noise that threw his equations into chaos could be rekindled and subdued. When he published the theory in 2014, it became an instant splash. “Like everyone else, I was surprised to see such a theory, with some examples, worked in detail from scratch,” said mathematician Jeremy Quastel of the University of Toronto, based on the supernatural theory of the first theory.
While his teammates consider Rounder to be a genius, Heer believes that there can be a difference in mathematics. “Most of the time it doesn’t work. As every graduate student in mathematics can attest, during your PhD you probably spend two-thirds of your time and bang your head against a wall. ”
Hayers Windfall is not yet in her bank account, but when that happens, her life will change. “We recently went to London three years ago, and we still rent. So it may be time to buy a place to stay, ”he said.