Trump’s presidency in US foreign policy is not just a whip


WASHINGTON (AP) – President-elect Joe Biden’s plan to scrap President Donald Trump’s approach to “America First” in favor of “diplomacy first” will depend on whether he is able to gain the confidence of allies and It assures that Trumpism is just a whip in the history of American foreign policy.

This can be a difficult sale. From Europe to the Middle East and Asia, Trump’s brand of transactional diplomacy has alienated friends and left Biden with a particularly controversial set of national security issues.

Biden, who said last month that “America’s back, is ready to lead the world, not to back down from it,” might try to contradict Trump on the world stage and reverse some Give, if not, some of his earlier works. But Trump’s impression of America’s place in the world – seen as good or bad – will not be easily erased.

American allies are not blind to the large constituency of American voters who continue to support Trump’s nationalist tendencies and his belief that the United States should stay out of world conflict. If Biden aims to restore America’s place in the world, it will not only need to gain the trust of foreign allies, but also convince voters at home that international diplomacy works better than one-sided negotiations.

Trump stressed that he is not against multilateralism, only global entities that are ineffective. He has pulled out of more than half a dozen international agreements removed from several UN groups and has spoken to allies and partners.

On the other hand, Biden states that global alliances need to be rebuilt to combat climate change, address the COVID-19 pandemic and prepare for future epidemics and face the growing threat posed by China. The national security and foreign policy staff he has named so far are champions of multilateralism.

His choice for Secretary of State Antony Blinken, Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman, National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan and Foreign Aid Chief Samantha Power – all veterans of the Obama administration – underline his intention to return to a foreign policy space that he believes Was abandoned by Trump.

“Right now, there’s a huge vacuum,” Biden said. “We are going to gain the trust and confidence of a world that has begun to find ways of working without us or without us.”

Biden intends to reintegrate the Paris Climate Agreement and re-cooperate with the World Health Organization. He plans to smooth relations with European and other friends and refrain from destroying fellow NATO members, and he may return the United States to the Iran nuclear deal. Nonetheless, many Americans continue to pursue Trump’s “America First” agenda, particularly with the U.S. economy struggling to overcome the coronovirus epidemic, civilian conflicts on American roads over racism, and the absence of civil political discourse.

“Whether people liked it or not, Trump was elected by Americans in 2016,” said Fiona Hill, who served on the Trump White House’s National Security Council and is now in the liberal-leaning Brookings Institution.

She says Trump’s election in 2016 and tens of millions of votes in 2020 reflected a very divided nation.

“We have to accept that the election result in 2016 was not a temporary one,” Hill said.

Steven Blockman, director of research for the Center for European Policy Studies in Belgium, said Europeans should not believe that transatlantic relations would return the way they were before Trump.

“In all but name, ‘America First’ is here to rally the rally,” he said. “Biden has vowed to prioritize investments in American green energy, child care, education and infrastructure over any new trade deals. He has also called for expanded ‘By American’ provisions in federal procurement, which has long been a bottleneck in trade relations with the European Union. ”

Each part of the world poses a different challenge for Biden.

China

The fear of China’s quest for world domination began to increase before Trump came into office. Soon, Trump left China’s authoritarian President Xi Jinping. But after efforts to get more than the first-stage trade deal failed, the president overheated China and repeatedly blamed Beijing for the coronovirus epidemic.

He approved the Chinese, and after the speech, Trump’s top officials called on China to steal US technology, carry out cyber attacks, take aggressive actions in the South China Sea, crack down on democracy in Hong Kong, and Muslim youths in West China. Warned about misbehaving.

Increasingly, Republicans and Democrats alike are concerned about the growing economic and geopolitical threat from China, and this concern will not end when Trump leaves office.

North Korea

Not only China but also North Korea have an important role in resetting US relations with Asia’s allies.

Trump broke new ground on nuclear deadlock with North Korea with three face-to-face meetings with North Korea’s Kim Jong Un. But Trump’s efforts did not yield a deal to persuade Kim to give up his nuclear weapons in exchange for sanctions relief and security assurances. In fact, North Korea has continued to develop its nuclear capabilities.

Biden may be forced to deal with North Korea as soon as possible, with experts saying Pyongyang has a history of testing and firing missiles to draw Washington’s attention during the US presidential elections.

Afghanistan

Nearly 20 years after the US-led international coalition at the helm of the Taliban government supporting al-Qaeda, Afghan civilians are being killed by thousands. Afghan security forces, led on the battlefield, continue to carry high casualties. Taliban attacks are taking place outside cities and the Islamic State group exploded in November in the capital Kabul, including one in November at the University of Kabul, killing more than 20 people, mostly students.

The US and the Taliban sat on the negotiating table in 2018. Those negotiations, led by Trump’s envoy Zalme Khalilzad, eventually signed the US-Taliban Agreement in February 2020, which provided for the withdrawal of NATO troops from the US and Afghanistan. .

Set to make good on his campaign promise to withdraw US troops from “endless wars”, Trump ordered troops to be cut from 8,600 to 4,500, then to command 2,500 troops by inauguration day. The US has promised to pull all US troops from Afghanistan by May 1, a few months after Biden took office, but it is unclear what he wants.

Middle East

Trump opted to think outside the box when it comes to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and relations with Arab countries.

The Palestinians rejected the Trump administration’s Middle East peace plan, but then Trump persuaded two Arab countries – the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain – to recognize Israel. This was historic because Arab nations had said for decades that they would not recognize Israel until the Palestinians’ struggle for an independent state was resolved.

The warm relations between Israel and the Arab states helped share Iran’s opposition. Morocco and Sudan also later recognized Israel.

Iran

In 2018, Trump pulled the United States out of the Iran nuclear deal, with world powers agreeing to lift sanctions on Tehran if it curbs its nuclear program.

Trump said the deal was unilateral, did not prevent Iran from finally acquiring nuclear weapons and allowed it to obtain billions of dollars in frozen assets, alleging that the terror screen that destabilized the midstyle Using the back.

Biden says it was negligent to pull out of the deal and complains that Iran has stocked more enriched uranium under the deal, which is still in force between Iran and Britain, China, Russia, France and Germany .

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