Eddie Vale, a Democratic consultant working with a coalition of immigration groups, described the president's proposal as an effort to sabotage bipartisan talks and get approval for a "white list of supremacists."
Anti-immigration activists also attacked plan, albeit for the opposite reason. The Breitbart.com website greeted the president's plan with the headline: "Amnesty Don suggests citizenship for illegal aliens."
According to Mr. Trump's plan, senior White House officials described the journalists, young immigrants who were taken to the United States as children, would be granted legal status, would be allowed to work legally and could Become citizens for a period of 10 to 12 years if they remain out of trouble with the law.
Officials said they would include some 690,000 people who signed up for protection under an Obama-era program, known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, but also for another 1.1 million undocumented immigrants who would have qualified for the program but they never requested it. Mr. Trump finished the DACA program last September.
In return, Congress would have to create a $ 25 billion trust fund to pay for a southern border wall, drastically impede the detention of immigrants, accelerate deportations, take drastic measures against people who are visas, prevent them from citizens bring their parents to the United States and complete a State Department program designed to encourage the migration of underrepresented countries.
White House officials said that the list of improved security measures – which have been against immigration lists for decades – were non-negotiable parts of their plan. They warned that if an agreement is not reached, the young DACA recipients will face deportation when the program expires completely on March 5.
A senior official said they will not be attacked, but they are "illegal immigrants" who will be prosecuted for deportation if they come in contact with immigration officials.
Officials said the president's decision to formally submit a plan to Congress was a direct response to members of Congress, including Sen. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, who had complained that they did not know where There was the president in immigration. debate.
"Basically we are pointing out that this is the bill that the president can sign," said a senior official during the report.
The president's legislative proposal is designed to exert maximum pressure on Democrats, who are desperate to protect young immigrants, known as Dreamers, but who are fiercely opposed to conservative immigration policies embraced by anti-immigration activists hardliners like Miller, the president's chief domestic policy adviser in the White House.
The strategy would work only if the Senate does not reach a broad, bipartisan agreement on an alternative: legislation that protects the Dreamers, reinforces border security, but rejects some draconian aspects of the White House proposal.
"This is a negotiation," said Sen. Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina. "I welcome the entrance to the White House."
Mr. Trump hinted at the proposal to come on Wednesday night in impromptu comments suggesting he was willing to allow some of the young immigrants to become citizens in 10 or 12 years. But his comments were quickly followed on Thursday morning by an email from the White House warning of an avalanche of immigrants in the country and demanding an end to the policies that allow families to sponsor the immigration of their immediate relatives.
And even as Mr. Trump was offering reassuring words to the Dreamers: "Tell them not to worry," he told reporters Wednesday night: senior White House officials emphasized the tougher features of his next immigration proposal.
In September, Mr. Trump ended the DACA program and states that it expires in early March, when recipients will no longer be able to work legally in the United States and will once again face the threat of deportation.
Democratic lawmakers and activists say they will refuse to accept any proposal that would force them to renounce the welfare of other immigrants, including Dreamers' parents, to guarantee the fate of immigrant youth.
On Thursday, a bipartisan group of senators calling themselves the Common Sense Coalition met in the office of Senator Susan Collins, Republican of Maine, to discuss the issue of immigration. In question is the scope of the invoice. Some senators want to draft a narrow bill that reinforces border security and codifies the protections now extended to DACA recipients, which do not include a path to citizenship. Others say that legislation should bring Mr. Trump to his citizenship offer, but to do that, lawmakers may have to accept the rest of the White House deal.
"Do we simply code what is DACA and extend it? A period of time, or do we try to go beyond that, as the president suggests?" Asked Senator Mike Rounds, a South Dakota Republican. "If you do, you have to address the issue of chain migration, and that's where it becomes much more complicated."
Many senators indicated little interest in the more strict approach.
"If you start putting all these highly charged toxic problems, they just are not going to work," said Senator Bill Nelson, a Democrat from Florida.
But the intransigent, apparently led by Senator John Cornyn of Texas, the No. 2 Republican in the Senate, say that the White House's strategy must be considered, and that means four elements: dreamers, border security and a wall, chain migration and the end of the diversity visa lottery.
"Everyone wants to alter reality in that way it suits their needs," Cornyn said. "But the reality is that the president said there have to be four pillars – people just have to accept that and deal with that."
Activists are betting that some moderate Republicans will not support the president's more conservative ideas, helping to tighten the lineages of Democratic lawmakers by making opposition to the president's proposal bipartisan. 19659026] Senators Richard J. Durbin, Democrat of Illinois, and Mr. Graham have been leading bipartisan talks on immigration. His initial proposal, which did not include the president's nativist proposals, was rejected by Mr. Trump during a White House meeting in which the president used vulgarities to describe Haitians and Africans.
On Wednesday night, Mr. Graham held a meeting with a much larger group of about 30 senators. They decided that Mr. Durbin, the Democrat No. 2 in the Senate, and Mr. Cornyn would each serve as a center for exchange of ideas on immigration from their respective parties.
"We have more people in the room, which is good," said Mr. Graham. "We are receiving more information, we simply have to convert it into more production."
The so-called Two – the No. 2 Democrats and the Republicans of the House of Representatives and the Senate – have also met, although their talks are stalled because the House is in recess this week.
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