Trump campaign nominated Nobel Peace Prize as ‘Big Thing’, history indicated otherwise

In September 2020, two members of parliament in Sweden and Norway respectively stated that they nominated the US government and President Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2021. Trump, his reunion campaign and his supporters cited the nomination as major achievements. And points of pride. However, the rules and history of the nomination process suggest that it is not necessary to simply name someone for the Nobel Peace Prize that Trump and his supporters have claimed.

On September 9, 2020, Christian Tybring-Giede, a member of the Stortinget (National Assembly Assembly of Norway) of the right-wing Freemaskritsparty (Progress Party), conducted an interview to Fox News in which he stated that he nominated Trump. The Nobel Peace Prize, based on an American-Brocade Agreement signed in August 2020, to establish full diplomatic relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

On September 11, 2020, Magnus Jacobson, a Christodemokrena (Christian Democrat) member of Sweden’s National Legislative Assembly Riksdag, published a letter in which he proposed that the governments of the United States, Serbia and Kosovo should be honored jointly. The next Nobel Peace Prize based on an American-Brocade Agreement to normalize economic relations between the two countries.

Kosovo was internationally recognized as a province of Yugoslavia and later Serbia for several years but declared its independence in 2008. It is now recognized as a sovereign state by more than 100 other nations, including the United States, but not Serbia.

‘A Big Thing’

Trump, his campaign, and his supporters defer the nomination in the coming days. On September 9, White House press secretary Kayle McNee opened her press briefing with the announcement of Tybring-gauged nomination, calling it “a hard-earned and well-deserved honor”. The White House incorrectly described the nomination on Twitter and its website to Tybring-Gajede as “Speaker of the NATO parliamentary assembly”, (that body does not have a Speaker, but its Speaker is Attila Musterzi of Hungary. Tybring- Gेज़zde is) the chairman of the Norwegian delegation to the NATO parliamentary assembly).

At a rally in Minden, Nevada on September 12, Trump called the nomination “a big deal”, saying that on September 11, he was “nominated for the second time for another Nobel Prize,” a misleading formulation of the words. . The fact that he was nominated for only one award was made by two different individuals. He postponed the nomination again the next day at a rally in Las Vegas, Say Crowd, “He nominated his president twice last week on two different subjects for the Nobel Prize.”

Sean Hannity, Fox News host and one of the president’s most prominent supporters, tweeted that in place of “only one week”, Trump was nominated for “not one, but two Nobel Peace Prizes”, in the same weird way. Incorrectly used phrases from President.

Between September 10 and September 14, Trump and his campaign won a combined run of 48 Facebook and Instagram ads, with voters nominating them as part of their iteration pitch. Half of those advertisements contained a graphic with an unfortunate spelling error that read “President Trump was nominated for great peace Prize”:

Despite the characterization of Trump’s nomination as a “big deal”, the bar for being nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize is lower than many US voters, and the list of nominees is usually neither a small nor exclusive is. This past also included the names of some of the most revised and controversial figures in 20th century history.

It should also be noted that the Nobel Foundation does not disclose the names of nominees or nominees for 50 years, so formally, we cannot yet say with certainty that Tybring-Gauged and Jacobson did, in fact, Trump nominated for the award for 2021. Tybring-gauged also claimed to have nominated Trump for the award in 2018, and unconfirmed reports in 2016 saw an anonymous person nominate the incoming president for that year’s award as well.

In 2018, a senior official of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member body that makes the final decision as recipient of the Peace Prize, confirmed that two separate nominations for Trump in 2017 and 2018 appeared to be forged and that The case was referred to the Oslo Police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

‘It’s too easy to enroll’

According to the Nobel Foundation, the Swedish institution that manages the Nobel Prizes, a person cannot nominate himself / herself for the Peace Prize, and only living people and active organizations are legitimate candidates. The following categories of individual are eligible to nominate an individual or institution for the Peace Prize:

  • Current head of state
  • Members of governments and national assemblies in sovereign states
  • Members of L’Institut de Droit International (of which 167 are)
  • Member of the International Board of Women International League for Peace and Freedom (17 of which are)
  • University professors, professors, and professors of history, social sciences, law, philosophy, theology, and religion. University doctor and university director (or their equivalent); Director of peace research institutes and foreign policy institutes
  • People who have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Members of the Chief Board of Directors or its equivalent organizations who have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Current and former members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (proposals by current members of the committee to be presented later than the first meeting of the committee after 1 February)
  • Former advisor of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

Based on data collected by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, more than 46,000 persons sit in the National Legislative Assemblies worldwide. With an average cabinet size of 20 members (based on existing research), and a rough estimate of 193 UN member states, the number of government ministers around the world would be around 3,800.

Based on US Bureau of Labor data, there are approximately 170,000 post-secondary instructors in academic subject areas designated by the Nobel Foundation alone. This figure is probable worldwide. In 2017, higher education analytics firm Quacquarelli Symonds estimated the number of universities worldwide to be over 40,000, so the “directors, rector and counterparts” of those institutions could also be added to the pool of nominees.

The total number of individuals eligible to nominate someone else for the Nobel Peace Prize is therefore likely to exceed half a million, although this is only a rough estimate.

The number of nominations in a typical year is clearly a small fraction of that figure, but may still be larger than many readers. According to the organizers, 318 candidates were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize (211 of them individuals and 107 institutions) in 2020. The most candidates came in 2016, when 376 individuals and organizations received nominations.

The Nobel Prizes were funded and established according to the will of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist and inventor of dynamite. He said that the Peace Prize “is given to a person who has done the best or best work to advance fellowship among nations, the abolition or reduction of standing armies, and the establishment and promotion of peace congresses.” ”

However, as a result of the much larger pool of potential nominees, the list of Peace Prize nominees does not always consist of qualified individuals, representing a wide range of perspectives and expertise. In the past, even some of the most controversial and revised historical figures of the 20th century have managed nominations, including:

  • Joseph Stalin – responsible for the deaths of several million Soviet subjects through political purification, enforced famine and starvation, and mass executions. Nominated for the 1945 and 1948 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Benito Mussolini – Brutal Italian fascist dictator. Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1935 by two nominees.
  • Josip Broz (“Tito”) – Controversial Yugoslav dictators who were declared “presidents for life” at the end of their nearly three decades of rule. His secret police violently suppressed dissent and opposition to his leadership. Nominated for the 1963 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Rafael Trujillo – Dominican dictator whose 31-year reign, from 1930 to 1961, was characterized by exceptionally brutal and violent outbursts at alleged dissidents and opponents, as well as the Parsley massacre of October 1937, in which Trujillo ordered the execution of thousands of Haitian , Many of them were accompanied by matches. In 1936, seven nominations were received for the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 2019, Norwegian Nobel Committee Secretary Olav Njolstad expressed the dynamics of the nomination process, telling the news agency AFP: “There are many people who have the right to nominate a candidate, which is too complicated to be nominated.” Geir Lundestad, Njolstad’s predecessor in the committee, said: “It is very easy to be nominated. It is very difficult to win.

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