“The consequences can be indirect,” she said. “A huge increase in cosmic rays during the Pliocene could have been indirectly responsible for the extinction of some animals of the ocean — not due to the irradiation, but due to the damage to the ozone layer that you have created. So maybe crossing the path of a stream of fact, it could create a mass extinction, despite the fact that we are a bit speculating here.”
As the bubbles traveled to the outside, lit up the thin interstellar gas with a traveling light show.
A bubble was to the north, in a figurative sense, and the other to the south. The astronomers monitored for the next year and a half with NASA’s orbiting Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Very Large Array in New Mexico and the Meerkat radio telescope array in South Africa.
The equipment has marked the northern jet moving away from Earth at about 60 percent of the speed of light. The south of the jet, coming towards us, it seemed to be moving through the sky at the speed superluminal, more than one and a half times the speed of light — an impossible speed, according to relativity, which established the speed of light as the cosmic speed limit. But when corrected for the geometry, the Dr. Espinasse and his co-authors came to the conclusion that both planes were traveling about 80 per cent of the speed of light, safely below the speed limit
In total, he said, each bubble traveled a couple of light-years.
Sheperd Doeleman of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and director of the Event Horizon Telescope, which captured the first image of a black hole last year, called the new role of a “cool article”. This new Ophiuchus black hole, he said, is “a little cousin” to the supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies like our Milky way and the ginormous giant Messier 87 in the Virgo cluster.
“That said, this is a very good result that shows the same ‘superluminal’ speeds we saw in the “torch of the gods’,” Dr. Doeleman said in an email, referring to another recent report of a black hole eruption. “Black holes are really the most efficient engines in the universe.”
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