The United Nations humanitarian chief warned on Tuesday the “spectacle of famine” has returned to war-torn Yemen and for the first time appealed to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait to pay nothing for this year’s $ 3.4 billion appeal . .
Mark Lovelock told the UN Security Council that the famine in Yemen, the Arab world’s poorest country, was two years ago as donors swiftly met 90 percent of the United Nations’ funding requirements, making humanitarian agencies eight million to 12 million Able to increase monthly support to people and save “lives of millions”.
Today, he said, only 30 percent of UN appeals have received about $ 1bn, leaving nine million Yemenis facing intensive cuts in programs including food, water and healthcare.
Lokok said that Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait “who have a special responsibility, whom they have discharged in recent years, have not yet paid anything for this year’s UN plan”.
Pointing to the financial pledges, which have not been turned into actual contributions, he said, “It is especially scandalous to promise money, which gives people hope that may help along the way, and then Failed to deliver on promises that failed to deliver. “.
“Continuing to withdraw money from a persistent humanitarian response will now be a death sentence for many families,” said Lococ. “So again, I call on all donors to pay their vows and extend their support.”
The conflict in Yemen has killed more than 100,000 people and caused the world’s worst humanitarian disaster, with more than three million people internally displaced and two-thirds of the population dependent on aid for survival. According to the United Nations, some 24 million Yemenis or 80 percent of the country’s population require some form of aid or protection.
UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths told the council that “growing battles, greater human needs, and the COVID-19 epidemic” have taken their toll.
Lokok said that in recent weeks, the situation has been made worse by increasing conflict, particularly in central Yemen. “In August, more civilians were killed nationwide than any other month this year,” he said.
Griffiths told the Security Council that Yemen could “calmly slip back from the road”. He said he sent a draft “joint declaration” to all the warring parties, reflecting what was said in the previous round of talks.
“Now is the time for the parties to end the negotiations and finalize the joint declaration,” he said.
Inclusive political process
Both Griffith and Lokok have sung a worrying situation in the Marib province, where over a million people have sought refuge since 2015.
Griffiths said a fight would not only force those who tried to flee to seek asylum again, but would have political implications, “calling for an inclusive political process about transition based on partnership and plurality.” By reducing “.
In a statement released on Tuesday by Oxfam, 31 Yemeni non-governmental organizations called on the international community and donors to “put more pressure on conflicting parties and their supporters to immediately stop military operations across the country”.
Lowcock condemned the closure of airports in the United Nations and Yemen’s capital Sana’a by rebel Houthis who controlled the city and the north of the country on the grounds of fuel scarcity. He said the shortage is a serious humanitarian result “but it does not justify closing the airport”, he said.
Lococ urged a speedy solution if aid workers were to remain safely in the north and keep the United Nations operational, including scheduled deliveries of 100 tons of human cargo by plane to Sanaa in the coming weeks.
Neither Griffiths nor Locok assessed progress in the standoff with the Houthis on a loaded oil storage tanker off the coast of Yemen.
The 45-year-old FSO safe, abandoned near the port of Hodeidah since 2015, has 1.1 million barrels of crude on board, and a rupture or explosion would have catastrophic environmental and human consequences.
Houthis has barred sending a team of inspectors to the United Nations to assess the vessel.