UNITED NATIONS – The UN General Assembly on Wednesday approved a resolution endorsed by Palestinians blaming Israel for the violence in Gaza and deploring its "excessive use of force" ", after narrowly rejecting a US lawsuit to add a condemnation of the attacks on Israel by the Hamas rulers of Gaza.
The votes reflected the great concern in the 193-member world body that the resolution sponsored by the Arab and Islamic nations was unilateral and did not even mention Hamas, which fired more than 100 rockets at Israel.
Since the almost weekly mass protests began on March 30 along the Israel-Gaze border, more than 120 Palestinians have been killed and more than 3,800 injured by Israeli army fire. The overwhelming majority of the dead and wounded have been unarmed, according to Gaza health officials.
Israel's use of a potentially lethal force against protesters has provoked international criticism. Israel accuses Hamas of attempting to carry out attacks and damaging the border fence under the guise of protests.
Israeli Ambassador Danny Danon told the assembly that Hamas is carrying out "a violent assault on Israel" and intends to seize its main cities Haifa, Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. "We want to make sure that does not happen," he said.
For the Palestinians, the key provision of the resolution is a request to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, to make proposals in 60 days "on ways and means to guarantee the security, protection and welfare of the population. Palestinian civilian under Israeli occupation, "including in" an international protection mechanism. "
In the General Assembly, the confrontation over Gaza, reflecting decades-old divisions between Israel and the Palestinians, played with some new twists.
The Algerian ambassador, Sabri Boukadoum, representing the Arab nations, first tried to block a vote on the amendment of the United States, saying that it was not relevant to the resolution. He said it also undermined reconciliation efforts between rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah, as well as "remote perspectives" of reviving peace negotiations with Israel.
His motion not to take any action on the amendment was defeated by a vote of 59 -78 with 26 abstentions, allowing the amendment of the United States to be put to the vote.
The United States amendment was adopted by 62 votes to 58, with 42 abstentions. But the president of the General Assembly Miroslav Lajcak declared that under a rule of assembly, a two-thirds majority was needed, so the amendment failed.
U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley appealed, citing another rule that says only a majority vote was required. After a short break, Lajcak put the United States appeal to a vote. The United States lost that vote 66-73 with 26 abstentions by little.
Finally, the assembly voted the original resolution endorsed by the Palestinians, approving it 120-8 with 45 abstentions.
Haley said in a later statement that "in the face of Hamas terrorists routinely incites violence … today the UN made the morally bankrupt trial that the recent violence in Gaza is Israel's fault."
"But the common practice of turning a blind eye to anti-Israel bias is changing," he said. "Today, a plurality of 62 countries voted in favor of the US-led effort to address the responsibility of Hamas for the disastrous conditions in Gaza."
Israel's ambassador accused "anti-Israel elements" of blocking Hamas's conviction.  "This was a sign of shame for the UN," said Danon. But "thanks to combined efforts with our American friends and our allies around the world, we demonstrate today that the automatic majority against Israel at the UN is not a destination and can be changed."
Palestinian Ambassador Riyad Mansour urged the assembly before the vote to address the increase in violence in Gaza and the "crisis" of the protection of civilians. He called the amendment of the United States an "attempt in bad faith" to move away from the "central objective of protecting civilians and defending international law."
"We need action, we need protection for our civilian population." Is it a crime to ask? "He said.
" We can not remain silent in the face of the most violent crimes and human rights violations systematically perpetrated against our people, "said Mansour.
The resolution deplores" any excessive use of force "by Israeli forces, particularly in Gaza, and demands that Israel" abstain from such actions. "" Deplore the firing of rockets from the Gaza Strip against Israeli civilian areas ", but does not say The Palestinian had initially sought a Security Council resolution after the Israeli army killed civilians during mass protests in Gaza against the border blockade imposed by Israel and Egypt in 2007 after Hamas invaded the territory, the United States vetoed that resolution on June 1, with Haley calling it "grossly unilateral" by criticize the use of force by Israel without mentioning Hamas.
The Arab and Islamic nations then decided to seek a virtually identical ballot in Wednesday's emergency meeting of the General Assembly, where there are no vetoes.
They followed the same route they took in December after the United States vetoed a Security Council resolution asking President Donald Trump to renounce his recognition of Israel as the capital of Jerusalem.
The General Assembly largely ignored Trump's threats at the time to cut aid to any country that was against the US. UU And he voted 128-9 to denounce the recognition of the president of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and declare it "null."  While Security Council resolutions are legally binding, General Assembly resolutions are not, although Assembly Speaker Brenden Varma stressed Wednesday or reflects "political will" as well as international opinion .
Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material can not be published, transmitted, rewritten or redistributed.