An expert from the space race says that John F. Kennedy originally wanted to join the Soviet Union to put a man on the moon, and that the United States is not the first country to achieve the historic feat.
Historian John Logsdon, a former member of the NASA Advisory Board and founder of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University, told the Telegraph that Kennedy met with Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev just 10 days after announcing her plan. to send a manned mission to the Moon. Within the decade during his famous speech of 1961 Shot to the Moon in Congress.
At the meeting, Kennedy allegedly asked Khrushchev to work together to achieve the goal, but Khrushchev rejected him, paving the way for the great space race, according to Logsdon.
A historian has said that John F. Kennedy (right) was serious when he asked Nikita Khrushchev (left) of the Soviet Union to join forces to send men to the moon in the 1960s
Kennedy made the first offer just 10 days after his 1961 speech Shot at the Moon in Congress. Khrushchev rejected the offer, which triggered the Space Race, which the USA. UU They won in 1969 when the mission of Apollo 11 landed on the Moon in 1969 (image)
"Kennedy met with Khrushchev and said" why do not we do it together? Khrushchev said no. I think Kennedy took that initiative seriously. Others think it was propaganda, "Logsdon told the newspaper.
But, two years later, in September 1963, Kennedy made the offer to join forces with the Soviet Union again, this time during a speech before the United Nations.
The offer came when the Apollo program was about to be canceled and relations with the Soviet Union were improving after the invasion of the Bay of Pigs and the end of the missile crisis in Cuba.
Logson suggested that the reason behind the second stab of working together was to help reduce costs and tensions between the two superpowers.
During the apparently forgotten speech of the United Nations, Kennedy said that "there is room for a new cooperation, for greater joint efforts in the regulation and exploration of space."
Kennedy also said: "Why, therefore, the man's first flight to the Moon should be a matter of national competence? Why should the United States and the Soviet Union, in preparing for such expeditions, be involved in immense duplications? of research, construction and expenses?
Kennedy (on the podium) made his second overture to Khrushchev during a speech at the United Nations in September 1963, just two months before he was killed.
The historian John Logsdon (left) believes that Kennedy's invitation to associate with the Soviet Union was genuine. Logsdon wrote John F. Kennedy and Race to the Moon (right)
"Surely we should explore if the scientists and astronauts of our two countries, really of the whole world, can not work together in the conquest of space, sending some day in this decade to the Moon, not the representatives of a single nation buy the representatives of all our countries & # 39;
According to Logsdon, Khrushchev did not formally respond to Kennedy's invitation. Kennedy was murdered two months later, in November 1963.
"I think Kennedy took that offer seriously," Logsdon said, adding that if Kennedy had not been killed and "Khrushchev said yes and stayed in power, would Apollo have become a cooperative?" Would his cooperation with the Soviet Union have continued?
Logsdon told the Telegraph that he thought Kennedy would have wanted to work with the Soviet Union on the Shot of the Moon.
Could he have done it, given the likely political criticism of his initiative in the United States? "We will never know," he said.
Author Roger Launius, who wrote the legacy of Apollo: Perspectives on lunar landings, agreed with Logsdon.
"It is possible that only the Kennedy assassination on November 22 prevented a joint landing between the United States and the Soviet Union," Launius told the Telegraph.
However, not everyone is convinced that the partnership offer was genuine.
However, others are less sure that Kennedy was serious in working with the Soviets.
"I have heard rumors that Kennedy had planned a mission with the USSR, but I do not know how seriously we can take it," Doug Millard, of the London Science Museum, told the newspaper, who cured the Cosmonauts: Birth of the exhibition of the It was spatial, in the newspaper.
In the end, the United States defeated the USSR with the punch, and landed men on the Moon on July 20, 1969.