The SMS text message turns 25 today


There were not many historical events on December 3, 1992, but the date is important for fans of mobile devices: 25 years ago, the first text message was sent. Simply, "Merry Christmas"

The same day that Whitney Houston will always love you was the number 1 song in the USA. UU And Home Alone 2 topped the box office, Neil, 22-year-old software architect for Sema Group Papworth sent the first SMS (Short Message Service).

It was sent through the Vodafone GSM network in the United Kingdom, although at that time the phones could only receive messages, not send them. Papworth sent him to an Orbitel 901 phone belonging to the then director of Vodafone, Richard Jarvis, using a computer.

"I do not know if they really thought it was going to be something big," Papworth told Sky. News

A year later, the first commercial SMS service was available in Finland, and Nokia became the first company to launch a phone capable of sending text messages.

The technology had been in development years before Papworth sent his festive message; SMS was conceived by Friedhelm Hillebrand and Bernard Ghillebaert of GSM Corporation in 1984. Finnish engineer Matti Makkonen played a leading role in creating the technology and is often credited as the inventor of SMS text messages.

The growth was initially quite slow, with GSM clients sending only 0.4 messages per month in 1995. The fact that UK users could only send SMS messages to those on the same network was a big problem until the restriction was lifted in 1999.

The SMS revolution took longer to reach the States. US mobile operators charged more for text messages and less for voice calls, while PC-based instant messaging services were still incredibly popular.

Thanks to the increase of programs like WhatsApp, Messenger and iMessage, fewer people have been sending SMS messages since Technology reached its peak in 2012. Last year, Mark Zuckerberg said that the combined daily activity in Facebook Messenger and WhatsApp was three times the number of SMS messages sent worldwide: 60 billion versus 20 billion.

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