WASHINGTON (AP) – Most women would need to get two drinks, and two or three men if the states follow a prestigious scientific panel plan to eliminate the 10,000 deaths from alcohol driving completely avoidable in the United States every year.
The report commissioned by the US government. UU by a panel of the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine made multiple recommendations, including the significant reduction of the thresholds of driving while intoxicated. It requires reducing the blood alcohol concentration threshold from 0.08 to 0.05. All states have 0.08 thresholds. A Utah law passed last year that lowers the state threshold to 0.05 will not go into effect until December 30.
The amount of alcohol required to reach 0.05 will depend on several factors, including the size of the person and whether the person has recently eaten. The report cites studies that indicate that most women with more than 120 pounds would reach 0.05 after two drinks. Men who weigh up to 160 pounds would probably reach the lowest threshold in two, and those who weigh more than 180 pounds in three.
The panel, in its 489-page report, also recommended that states significantly increase alcohol and disposable taxes, including reducing hours and days when alcohol is sold in stores, bars and restaurants. The research suggests that a doubling of alcohol taxes could lead to an 11 percent reduction in deaths from traffic accidents, the report said.
It also requires taking strong action against sales to people under 21 years of age or who are already intoxicated to discourage excessive drinking. limits in alcohol marketing while funding anti-alcohol campaigns similar to those against smoking.
All proposals are likely to attract fierce opposition from the alcohol and restaurant industries. The American Beverage Institute pulled out full-page newspaper ads opposing the new Utah law that included a fake police photo under a headline that read: "Utah: come on vacation, get paroled."
The academy report recommendation The blood alcohol threshold "would do nothing to deter" repeat offenders and drivers with high blood alcohol levels, which represent the "great majority" of driving deaths drunk, the Council of Distilled Distilled said in a statement. The council said it also does not support the report's recommendations of "tax increases and advertising bans, which will have little or no impact on road safety."
The report notes that "driving under the influence of alcohol remains the deadliest and most expensive hazard on the roads of the United States," accounting for 28 percent of traffic fatalities. Every day, 29 people in the US UU They die in accidents related to alcohol and many more are injured. Forty percent of the dead are people other than the drunk driver.
Rural areas are disproportionately affected. In 2015, 48 percent of drunk driving deaths occurred in rural areas.
The report says that many strategies have been effective in preventing drunk driving, but "a multilevel coordinated approach in multiple sectors will be necessary to accelerate change."
"The problem is not insoluble," the report said.
From the early 1980s to the early 2000s, there was significant progress as a result of an increase in age to drink up to 21, decrease in blood alcohol threshold, and other measures, said the report. But since then, progress has stagnated and has recently begun to reverse.
Measures to address drunk driving can not wait for the advent of motionless cars without the lures of a cold beer or a good wine. "Take too long for autonomous vehicles to replace all human-driven machines on the road," said panel president Steven Teutsch, senior health and economic policy researcher at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.
Meanwhile, we have 10,000 people killed each year and we should do something about it, "he said.
The report cites studies showing that the United States lags behind other high-income countries in the prevention of driving deaths More than 100 countries have adopted the lower threshold of 0.05 In Europe, the proportion of deaths due to traffic accidents attributable to driving while intoxicated was reduced by more than half within 10 years after the elimination of the standard, said the National Transportation Safety Council in 2013. The safety council also recommended the threshold of 0.05.
Beverages have changed significantly in the last 25 years. "They are more affordable, much more variety and more widely Publicized and promoted than in previous periods, "the report said, the lack of uniformity in serving sizes and the combination of alcohol with caffeine and Energy sources make it difficult for drinkers to estimate their level of deterioration.
The report was commissioned by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which asked academies what strategies to reduce drunk driving have proven to be effective.