The number of patients with pre-diabetes who develop the disease is halved in 20 years.


Diet that can beat diabetes: The study shows the number of patients with pre-diabetes who develop the disease in 20 years to encourage healthy eating.

  • Diabetic patients have elevated blood sugar without reaching diabetes levels
  • It is estimated that around 5 million people in the UK have pre-diabetes
  • The number of people who have developed fully from pre-diabetes has reduced by half

The number of people with pre-diabetes who have developed the entire disease has halved in the last two decades, a major study has found.

The dramatic decline comes after a campaign to encourage patients to eat a healthy diet and exercise more.

This occurred despite pre-diabetes – increased blood sugar numbers, which have not reached the level of diabetes.

The number of people with pre-diabetes who develop the disease has halved in the last two decades, a major study has found [File photo]

Researchers found that between 2000 and 2014 the percentage of people suffering from type 2 diabetes fell from 8 percent to 4 percent.

It is estimated that around 5 million people in the UK have pre-diabetes, known as non-diabetic hyperglycaemia. They are usually asymptomatic but will often be clinically obese.

Higher levels are associated with the UK with the highest obesity rate in Western Europe, with two to three adults being overweight or obese.

Researchers at the University of Manchester suggest that the decline in those developing complete disease is the result of interventions such as the NHS Diabetes Prevention Program.

It identifies high-risk people and refers them to a behavior change program that encourages them to eat healthier and exercise more.

Some patients are also prescribed the drug metformin, which is a common treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Academics studied data on 148,363 people with pre-diabetes in the UK to see how quickly they developed type 2 diabetes.

From 2000 to 2015, 1.6 percent developed the disease after one month, 4.2 percent after six months, and 20.4 percent after four years.

The study in BMJ Open Journal stated that the diagnosis of pre-diabetes became normal over time, rising from 0.07 percent of the population in 2000 to 1.85 percent in 2015.

Higher levels are associated with the UK with the highest obesity rate in Western Europe, with two to three adults being overweight or obese. [File photo]

Higher levels are associated with the UK with the highest obesity rate in Western Europe, with two to three adults being overweight or obese. [File photo]

But at least Type 2 diverted to diabetes, with the annual rate dropping from 8 percent in 2000 to 4 percent in 2014.

The university’s Dr. Rathi Ravindraraja said: ‘We are not sure, but we suspect that this is good preventive action and changing definitions of non-diabetic hyperglycaemia. This sample is large enough to give a good representation of what is going on. ‘

There are 3.4 million patients with type 2 diabetes in England and around 200,000 are newly diagnosed each year.

Last week, the NHS said thousands of them would be offered a three-month 800-calorie soup and shake daily diet to reverse their situation.

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