One of the many activities and actions related to NASA that the Trump Administration did in 2017 was to reconstitute the National Space Council. During their first meeting at oct. 5
Vice President Mike Pence
led NASA to develop a plan to help extend human exploration through our solar system and return astronauts to the Moon in preparation for human missions to Mars and other destinations .  The White House's support to NASA in 2017 extended across the agency's activities, including:
"When you see NASA's achievements during the year listed in one place, it's pretty surprising what we have achieved, "said the acting administrator of NASA Robert Lightfoot . "Seeing so many challenging efforts become complete accomplishments is a testament to the determination of our entire extended NASA team." Although I am proud of what we did in 2017, we expect another large number of missions in 2018 that will surely inspire their discoveries. technological advances.
"And for the sixth consecutive year, NASA has retained its position as the number one agency in the rankings of & # 39; Best Places to Work in Government & # 39; published by the Association for Public Service. I want to commend and praise our incredible workforce for their teamwork and dedication, which has allowed so many accomplishments in all our missions on behalf of the American people and the world. "
Solar system and beyond  ] The main story of 2017 in terms of public interest for NASA was by far the Aug. 21 total solar eclipse, it was one of the largest Internet events in recent history and the largest event NASA's online network, there were more than 50 million views of the live broadcast on NASA.gov and multiple social networking platforms, and almost 31 million unique views on Facebook before and after the eclipse. He was able to share the scientific study of this celestial phenomenon with millions of people around the world, capturing a large amount of images before, during and after the eclipse by spacecraft, aircraft, g High altitude wolves and astronauts aboard the International Space Station.  Here are some of the other highlights of this year in the solar system and beyond:
- An exciting time in the exploration of our solar system came to an end Sept. 15 when NASA's Cassini spacecraft made a fateful plunge into Saturn's atmosphere, ending its 13-year tour of the ringed planet. The mission transformed our understanding of oceanic worlds, where life could potentially exist beyond Earth.
- The furthest and longest-lived space mission of mankind – NASA's Voyager 1 and 2 – celebrated 40 years of unprecedented science findings and images in Sept. 5 . NASA continues to communicate daily with the spacecraft as they explore the border where interstellar space begins.
- A spacecraft that will touch the Sun was named by a living researcher: Eugene N. Parker professor emeritus of the University of Chicago . NASA's Parker solar probe is scheduled for launch in 2018 to explore the Sun's outer atmosphere.
- NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected the first light linked to a gravitational wave event, thanks to two neutron stars fused in the galaxy NGC 4993, located about 130 million light years from Earth. NASA's Swift, Hubble, Chandra and Spitzer missions, along with dozens of ground observatories, later captured the declining glow of the expanding remnants of the explosion.
- The James Webb Space Telescope conducted environmental tests at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and the Johnson Space Center as it prepares for assembly in a single spacecraft before launch in 2019.
- The Spitzer Space Telescope NASA revealed the first known system of seven planets the size of the Earth around a single star, with three planets located in the habitable zone, the area around a star where a rocky planet is most likely to have liquid water.
- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope found an exoplanet that snows on sunscreen, but only on the side of the planet that is permanently away from its host star.
- NASA's Kepler space telescope team launched its most comprehensive and detailed catalog of exoplanet candidates, presenting 219 new planetary candidates, 10 of which are close to Earth and orbit in the habitable zone of their star.
- Astronomers using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes found evidence of a star spinning around a black hole about twice per hour, which could be the tightest orbital dance ever seen among a possible black hole and a companion star.
- NASA's OSIRIS-REx asteroid return spacecraft successfully used Earth's gravity in Sept. 22 to the sling on a road to the asteroid Bennu, for an appointment next summer. The spacecraft is on a seven-year journey to meet, study and return a sample of Bennu to Earth.
- NASA selected two new planetary missions in Jan. 4 that have the potential to open new windows in one of the earliest times in the history of our solar system. The Lucy mission will visit an environment rich in targets of the mysterious Trojan Jupiter asteroids, while the Psyche mission will study a unique metal asteroid that has never been visited before.
- The first scientific results of the Juno mission from NASA to Jupiter represent the largest planet in our solar system as a complex and turbulent world, with polar cyclones the size of Earth and storm systems that penetrate the heart of the gas giant.
- In oct. 19 The Pan-STARRS1 telescope, funded by NASA, discovered the first confirmed object to travel through our solar system from another star. The historical discovery revealed that the interstellar intruder is a rocky, cigar-shaped object with a length-to-width ratio different from any asteroid or comet observed in our solar system.
- An international team of astronomers led by NASA scientists successfully completed the first global exercise using a real asteroid (TC4 2012) to test global response capabilities. The exercise tested the International Asteroid Warning Network for dangerous observations of asteroids, models, predictions and communications.
In 2017, NASA advanced in the preparations to send astronauts to Mars, as well as reaching the milestone. 20 years of continuous robotic scientific exploration of the red planet. And a record 2.4 million space fans signed up this year to send their names to Mars on NASA's InSight mission, a robotic landing module designed to study the interior and subsoil of the planet in 2018.
- In Nov. 16 NASA selected a science instrument for an upcoming sample return mission to the moons of Mars: a mission Japan known as MMX to the moons of Mars. The instrument will help scientists answer questions about when and how small moons formed around the red planet.
- After receiving a record number of applications to join an exciting future of space exploration, NASA selected in June 12 women and men as the agency's new astronaut candidates. They can fly in future space missions using the most powerful rocket in the world, the Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion spacecraft. This year, NASA has been building and testing hardware for the first and second missions of SLS and Orion.
These are some of the highlights of this year's progress on human missions in deep space to the Moon and Mars:
- a piece of the complete SLS hardware for the first test mission, Exploration Mission- 1, was delivered to the Kennedy Space Center for processing.
- Flight preparations were completed for the four liquid fuel engines that will assist the SLS on its first mission, and engineers began testing engines for the second mission that will take the crew, Exploration Mission-2. NASA finished manufacturing the five parts of the central stage of the rocket to which the engines will be integrated.
- The five parts of the central stage of the rocket are built and ready for additional equipment and tests.
- The 10 engine segments have been launched for the two solid rocket boosters, and are on track to be ready for the first integrated test flight.
- NASA has advanced a critical crew safety launch abortion test for the Orion spacecraft before the first human launch, and the teams have also been testing the parachutes to bring the capsule to a safe landing and exit procedures for the team after returning from a mission.
- Meanwhile, teams were fed from the Orion spacecraft for the first integrated test launch, and are busy building the Orion capsule for the first manned mission.
- In the future launch site of SLS and Orion, the improvements to the walls of the flame trench are completed as well as the installation of all work platforms in the vehicle assembly building where the rocket will be stacked before the launching.
- The agency began studying the concept of deep space footbridge with the EE industry. UU And the partners of the space station. Using the most powerful rocket in the world, NASA would launch an element of propulsion and energy, a room module for the crew and a logistics module for the concept of gateway in the first manned missions of SLS and Orion.
- NASA continues to use its public-private partnership model from Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships (NextSTEP) to pursue the commercial development of deep space exploration capabilities. This year, NASA is seeking proposals for the development of a multi-material manufacturing laboratory in space or first-generation FabLab for space missions; selected five companies for studies for the input power and the propulsion element; announced that it will seek proposals for research contracts in technology for the use of resources in situ (ISRU); and its partners are developing prototypes of habitat structures.
- NASA involved the public in many citizen challenges, including the Space Poop challenge, which gave the winners the proposed solutions to address how to collect and transport human waste out of the body, if an astronaut wore a space suit in microgravity for up to six days.
International Space Station
In 2017, six NASA astronauts have lived aboard the International Space Station, supporting more than 120 new research investigations conducted at the only microgravity laboratory to prepare for the future Deep space exploration and improve life on Earth. The investigations included research leading to new knowledge about combustion processes, testing a drug to help fight cancer and demonstrating technology such as the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM). In addition, the space station hosts many external experiments that observe Earth and our environment from space and study space physics, such as neutron stars, black holes and the search for dark matter. More than 170 total investigations of EE. UU This year they are making progress in our understanding of biology and biotechnology, the physical sciences, human research, technological development and education.
Here are some additional highlights of 2017:
- The arrival of Expedition 53 The crew marked the first long-term increase in crew size in the US segment from three to four, allowing NASA to maximize the time spent on research.
- Peggy Whitson broke multiple records during an extended mission to the station, becoming the astronaut of the United States who has spent the most total time in space, counting 665 days during three missions.
- During nine spacewalks, the work of NASA astronauts prepared for the arrival of future commercial spacecraft and improved the capabilities of the station.
- During five missions in 2017, the commercial partners of NASA Orbital ATK and SpaceX launched more than 32,900 pounds of critical supplies to the International Space Station, including supplies and equipment to support the hundreds of crucial scientific experiments and demonstrations of technology on board the space station. With its dumping in the Pacific Ocean after three replenishment missions, the SpaceX Dragon capsule also returned more than 13,000 pounds of research and equipment.
- NASA advanced its goal of launching astronauts once again from Florida Space Coast to the international space station while suppliers of the Boeing and SpaceX Commercial Crew Program progressed in the systems and spacecraft Starliner and Crew Dragon, respectively. Boeing revealed his space suit design earlier this year and performed important parachute and qualification tests. SpaceX also unveiled its space suit and worked with NASA and the Air Force to refine its procedures to retrieve water astronauts after a mission to the space station.
- Sierra Nevada Corporation successfully completed a free flight test of its Dream Chaser spacecraft, fulfilling the final milestone of a space law agreement for the Commercial Crew Program. The test also supported a milestone in preparation for cargo and science research on the space station under the agency's next-generation commercial replenishment service contracts.
- The space station continues to be used to inspire future generations with a special focus for a Year of Education at the station with astronauts and former classroom teachers Joe Acaba and Ricky Arnold and his crewmates.
- NASA's space navigation and communications capabilities were updated with the launch in August of the Space Network's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-M (TDRS-M), the third and last in the space network's space network It provides almost constant communication links to Earth from the International Space Station, the Hubble Space Telescope and many other missions.
- The station also helped advance the technology necessary to allow human exploration of deep space: the in-orbit characterization of the Phase Heat Exchange Heat Exchangers was completed to provide better temperature regulation for Orion and future space vehicles.
Safely moving increasing numbers of people and charging more efficiently between airports on board aircraft of all sizes, which burn less fuel, release fewer emissions and fly more quietly and faster , they remained the focus of NASA's aeronautical innovators when they achieved several technical milestones in 2017. Some of those milestones are laying the groundwork for the return of the X-plane to the NASA research toolbox.
Here are some research highlights made in 2017 that announce NASA's great aviation transformation:
- developed by NASA Systems were demonstrated to help air traffic managers and pilots fly more efficiently from the boarding gate to the arrival gate: the first n ear Seattle at the beginning of the year and the second at the Charlotte Douglas International Airport starting in September.
- Enabling passenger supersonic commercial air travel by land is a key objective for NASA's aeronautics. A preliminary design for such an airplane was completed in June after wind tunnel tests at Ohio and Virginia and information was gathered that will help silent sonic explosions during flight tests at Florida in August.
- The explosive demand for unmanned aerial systems, or drones, has led NASA to take the initiative to help the government and industry find the safest and most efficient ways to integrate these new aircraft into the airspace what is on us
- Testing flexible wings, reducing the noise of the landing gear, improving the chances of surviving a crash, improving fiber optic research methods and deploying new hardware to better test helicopters are among the many other projects they saw results in 2017.  NASA's aeronautics in 2017 also showed its most important resource, the people, by presenting a new university leadership initiative, funding a trio of potentially transformative research teams and celebrating honors and achievements.
- One of the NASA centers that conducts a large amount of aeronautical research, Langley Research Center at Hampton, Virginia celebrated its 100th anniversary this year.
In 2017 In addition, NASA used the space view to increase our understanding of our home planet, improve lives and safeguard our future. The 60th anniversary of Earth's space research and the beginning of the United States space exploration is presented in January 2018 followed by the 60th anniversary of NASA in oct. . 1 .
Here are some highlights of this year's NASA Earth Science research:
This year, NASA's investments in space technology paid off with the launch of several technologies, useful payloads delivered to the International Space Station and beyond, the realization of two grand prix competitions and the ground demonstration of technologies that could one day build and repair large structures in space.
Here are some of the highlights of NASA technology for 2017:
- The station scanner for X-ray navigation and synchronization technology (SEXTANT) will test, for the first time in space, the use of pulsars to form a GPS – as a system that can support the navigation of spacecraft throughout the solar system, allowing the exploration of deep space in the future. SEXTANT, included with the Composer Explorer of the interior of the neutron star (NICER), now works from outside the space station.
- In Nov. 12 two small spacecraft missions launched on board the ATN CRS-8 Cygnus Orbital Refueling mission to the International Space Station, will test the high-speed optical transmission of data and operations proximity of small spacecraft, and will demonstrate a reflective array antenna that increases the data rates of the downlink for CubeSats.
- Since NASA's Centennial Challenges began in 2005, there have been 18 challenges, resulting in more than $ 8 million in prizes awarded to more than 60 teams across the country.
- In August, Team Foster + Partners of Chattanooga, Tennessee won first place and a prize of $ 250,000 for successfully completing Phase 2, Level 3 of the 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge.
- The Cube Quest Challenge of the Space Technology Mission Directorate awarded $ 20,000 each in prizes and secured space to launch CubeSats from the three winning teams in Exploration Mission-1, the first integrated flight of the NASA's Space Launch System and Orion Spacecraft.
- The active competitions of Centennial Challenges are: Vascular Tissue Challenge to advance in the field of tissue engineering; Cube Quest to advance the capabilities of small satellite technology; and Phase 3 of the 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge to advance the construction technology needed to create sustainable housing solutions for the Earth and more.
- NASA and its business partners are on track to demonstrate technologies that can manufacture, assemble and repair large structures in space through robotics assembly and fabrication in space (IRMA) projects.
- Participating in public events, including South by Southwest; Philadelphia Science Festival; Space day; Artscape; EAA AirVenture; Albuquerque balloon festival; Presentation of electronic objects for the consumer; Super Bowl LI, Bay Area Science Festival; OshKosh; Festival of essence; Boy Scout Jamboree; Bold; and Chicago Air & Water Show, more than five million people had the opportunity to interact with representatives of the United States space agency.
- The presence of NASA's social networks continued to grow in 2017 with more than 130 million followers on all accounts and platforms. The agency has the most followers of any agency / department in the federal government on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat and Google+. The agency also organized 13 NASA Social Networks this year, bringing together more than 650 followers who interact with NASA through social networks for unique experiences of exploration and discovery in person.
- NASA's digital communications team was awarded four Webby Awards in 2017. For the first time, the presence of the NASA social network was recognized by Webby Awards, winning in corporate communications and being honored with the People & # 39; s Voice Award. NASA's Cassini project was recognized with its second Webby for scientific websites. NASA.gov, the agency's main website, received its ninth Popular Voice Award in the Government and Civil Innovation category. The total solar eclipse drove unprecedented traffic to NASA.gov, with a record 25.8 million visits in Aug. 21 . Overall this year, traffic increased 24 percent in 2016 to just over 410,000 daily visits.
For more information about NASA's missions, research and discoveries, visit:
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