(Editorial MENAFN) WASHINGTON, December 7, 2017 / PRNewswire-HISPANIC PR WIRE / – The Moon became a key focus point for NASA in 2017, either blocking the Sun during one of the most watched events in the USA UU history, or revitalize the agency's human space exploration plans.
The International Space Station is seen in silhouette from the Northern Cascades National Park in Washington as the Sun travels at approximately five miles per second during a solar eclipse on August 21, 2017. Photo credit: NASA / Bill Ingalls One of the numerous activities and actions related to NASA that the Trump Administration did in 2017 was to reconstitute the National Space Council. During his October 5, Vice President Mike Pence directed NASA to develop a plan to help extend human exploration through our solar system, and return astronauts to the Moon in preparation for human missions to Mars and other destinations. The White House's support to NASA in 2017 extended throughout the agency's activities, including: President Trump signs in March The president of the Oval Office in April and the astronaut of the US NASA after its landing in September Vice President Pence visiting NASA in June, July and September The Vice President observes preparations of spacecraft in October for the next NASA mission that will land on the Red Planet:
"When you see the highlights of NASA's accomplishments during the year listed in one place, it's pretty amazing what we've been able to achieve," said interim NASA administrator Robert Lightfoot. "Seeing so many challenging efforts become complete accomplishments is a testament to the determination of our entire extended NASA team." Although I am proud of what we did in 2017, we expect another large number of missions in 2018 that will surely inspire their discoveries. technological advances.
"And for the sixth consecutive year, NASA has maintained its position as the number one agency in the rankings of & # 39; Best Places to Work in Government & # 39; published by the Association for Public Service. I want to congratulate and commend our amazing workforce for their teamwork and dedication, which has allowed so many accomplishments in all of our missions on behalf of the American people and the world. "
Solar System and Beyond
The story more Featured in 2017 in terms of audience The interest for NASA was, by far, August 21. It was one of the largest Internet events in recent history and the largest online event that NASA has measured. 50 million visits to life, broadcast on multiple social media platforms, and almost 31 million unique Facebook visits before and after the eclipse, which means the agency was able to share the scientific study of this celestial phenomenon with millions of people throughout the world, capturing a large number of images before, during and after the eclipse by spacecraft, aircraft, high-altitude balloons and astronauts on board
Here are some of the other highlights of this year in the solar system and beyond: An exciting time in the exploration of our solar system came to an end on September 15, as the spacecraft NASA's Cassini did, finishing its 13-year tour of the ringed planet. The mission transformed our understanding of oceanic worlds, where life could potentially exist beyond Earth. The furthest and longest-lived space mission of humanity – Voyager 1 and 2 of NASA – and images on September 5. NASA continues to communicate daily with the spacecraft as they explore the border where interstellar space begins. : Eugene N. Parker, professor emeritus at the University of Chicago. NASA's Parker solar probe is scheduled for launch in 2018 to explore the outer atmosphere of the Sun. NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, thanks to two neutron stars fused in the galaxy NGC 4993, located about 130 million light years from Earth. NASA's Swift, Hubble, Chandra and Spitzer missions, along with dozens of ground observatories, later captured the declining glow of the expanding remnants of the explosion. The James Webb Space Telescope at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and the Johnson Space Center as it prepares for assembly in a single spacecraft before launch in 2019. NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope revealed the first known system around a star, with three planets located in the habitable zone, the area around a star where a rocky planet is more likely to have liquid water. NASA's Hubble Space Telescope found one, but only on the side of the planet that is permanently away from its host star. The NASA Kepler space telescope team launched its most complete and detailed, presenting 219 new planetary candidates, 10 of which are close to Earth and orbit in the habitable zone of their star. Astronomers using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes found evidence of a star that could be the tightest orbital dance ever witnessed between a possible black hole and a companion star. NASA's OSIRIS-REx asteroid return spacecraft successfully used Earth's gravity on September 22 for an appointment next summer. The spacecraft is on a seven-year journey to meet, study and return a sample of Bennu to Earth. NASA on January 4 that has the potential to open new windows in one of the first eras in the history of our solar system. The Lucy mission will visit an environment rich in targets of the mysterious Trojan Jupiter asteroids, while the Psyche mission will study a unique metal asteroid that has never been visited before. portrays the largest planet in our solar system as a complex and turbulent world, with polar cyclones the size of Earth and storm systems that penetrate deep into the heart of the gas giant. On October 19, the Pan-STARRS1 telescope, funded by NASA, discovered. The historical discovery was revealed as a rocky, cigar-shaped object with a length-to-width ratio unlike any asteroid or comet observed in our solar system. An international team of astronomers led by NASA scientists – 2012 TC4 – to assess global response capabilities. The exercise tested the International Asteroid Alert Network for dangerous asteroid observations, modeling, prediction and communication.
In 2017, NASA advanced in the preparations to send astronauts to Mars, in addition to reaching the milestone of the robotic scientific exploration of the red planet. And a record 2.4 million space fans enrolled this year in the NASA mission, a robotic module designed to study the interior and subsoil of the planet in 2018. On November 16, NASA returned to the moons of Mars: a mission led by Japan known as MMX to the moons of Mars. The instrument will help scientists answer questions about when and how small moons formed around the red planet. After receiving a record number of applications to join an exciting future of space exploration, NASA selected women and men as agencies on June 12. They can fly in future space missions using the most powerful rocket in the world, the Space Launch System (SLS) and the Orion spacecraft. This year, NASA has been building and testing hardware for the first and second missions of SLS and Orion.
These are some of the highlights of this year's progress towards the missions of human deep space to the Moon and Mars: The first test mission, Exploration Mission-1, was delivered to the Kennedy Space Center for processing. Flight that will help the SLS power in its first mission, and beganengines engineers for the second mission that will take crew, Exploration Mission-2. NASA to which the engines will be integrated. and ready for additional equipment and tests. Thefor the two solid rockets, and are on track to be ready for the first integrated test flight. NASA has advanced a critical moment for the Orion spacecraft before the first human launch, and the teams have also taken the capsule to a safe landing, as well as after returning from a mission. Meanwhile, the teams are ready for the first integrated test launch and are busy. In the future launch site of SLS and Orion, updates will be completed on the walls of the building and the installation of all units in the Vehicle Assembly Building where the rocket will be stacked before launch. The agency began studying the concept with the US industry. UU And the partners of the space station. Using the most powerful rocket in the world, NASA would launch an element of propulsion and energy, a room module for the crew and a logistics module for the concept of gateway in the first manned missions of SLS and Orion. NASA continues to use its public-private partnership model from Next Space Technologies for Exploration Partnerships () to pursue the commercial development of deep space exploration capabilities. This year, NASA is looking for proposals for the development of a first generation, space, multi-material manufacturing laboratory, or, for space missions; selected five companies for; announced that it will seek proposals for research contracts in; and its partners are. NASA involved the public in many, including the one, which gave the winners the proposed solutions to address how to collect and transport human waste away from the body, if an astronaut wore a space suit in microgravity for up to six days.
International Space Station In 2017, six NASA astronauts have lived aboard the International Space Station, supporting more than 120 new research investigations carried out in the only microgravity laboratory to prepare for future space exploration and improve Life on earth. The investigations included research leading to technological demonstrations such as (BEAM). In addition, the space station hosts many external experiments that observe our environment from the space and the physics of the studyspace, such as black holes and the search for dark matter. More than 170 US researches this year are advancing our understanding of biology and biotechnology, physical sciences, human research, technological development and education.
Here are some additional highlights of the space station from 2017: The arrival of the Expedition 53 crew marked the US segment from three to four, allowing NASA to maximize time spent on research. during an extended mission to the station, becoming the American astronaut who has spent more time in space, counting 665 days during three missions. During nine spacewalks, the work of NASA astronauts prepared for the arrival of future commercial spacecraft and improved the capabilities of the station. During five missions in 2017, NASA's Orbital ATK and SpaceX released more than 32,900 pounds of critical supplies to the International Space Station, including supplies and equipment to support the hundreds of crucial scientific experiments and technology demonstrations aboard the Spacial station. With its dumping in the Pacific Ocean after three replenishment missions, the SpaceX Dragon capsule also returned more than 13,000 pounds of research and equipment. NASA advanced its goal of once again launching astronauts from the Florida Space Coast to the International Space Station while Boeing and SpaceX providers progressed in spacecraft and Starliner and Crew Dragon systems, respectively. Boeing revealed it severely in the year and performed important tests and parachutes. SpaceX also revealed its space suit and worked with NASA and the Air Force to refine their procedures from the water after a mission to the space station. Sierra Nevada Corporation successfully completed one, reaching the final milestone of a space law agreement for the Commercial Crew Program. The test also supported a milestone in preparation for cargo and science research on the space station under the agency's next-generation commercial replenishment service contracts. The space station continues to be used to inspire future generations with a special focus for astronauts and former class teachers Joe Acaba and Ricky Arnold, and their crewmates. NASA's space communications and navigation capabilities were updated with the August launch of the space network, the third and last in the space network's space system that provides almost constant communication links to Earth from the station international space, the Hubble space telescope. and many other missions The station also helped advance the technology needed to enable human exploration of deep space: orbiting characterization was completed to provide better temperature regulation for Orion and future deep space vehicles.
Aeronautics Safely moving an increasing number of people and cargo on board, which, launch and fly both, continued to be the focus of attention as they achieved several technical aspects. Some of those milestones are laying the groundwork for the NASA research toolbox.
These are some of the research highlights made in 2017 that announce NASA's great aviation transformation: Systems developed by NASA to help managers and air traffic pilots to fly from more efficient way from the boarding gate to the arrival gate: at the beginning of the year and beginning in September. Enabling passenger supersonic commercial air travel by land is a key objective for NASA's aeronautics. A was completed in June after the wind tunnel tests in and, and information that will help silent sonic booms met during August. The explosive demand for unmanned aerial systems, or drones, has prompted the government and industry to find the safest way to integrate these new aircraft. The test, the reduction, the improvement of the crash, the methods with optical fiber and the implementation of new hardware are among the many other projects that saw results in 2017. Aeronautics of NASA in 2017 also He showed his most important resource: people. when presenting an initiative, of potentially transforming research teams, and. One of the NASA centers that conducts a large amount of aeronautical research, the Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, celebrated it this year.
Earth In 2017, NASA used the space view even more to increase our understanding of our home planet, improve lives and safeguard our future. The of Earth, and the beginning of the exploration of the space of the United States, arrives in January 2018, followed by the 60th anniversary of NASA on October 1.
Here are some highlights from this year's NASA Earth Science research: A new NASA study provided space-based evidence that tropical regions of the Earth were the cause of seen in at least 2,000 years. The research used global data from NASA's Orbiting-2 Carbon Observatory, launched in 2014. NASA's program to convert terrestrial science data into life and property-saving information on Earth contributed to important efforts and response in 2017. NASA's satellite data revealed the size of the state of Delaware that separated from the Larsen C ice shelf in Antarctica in July. NASA's use of the International Space Station for scientific studies of the Earth continued to grow with the launch in February and another in December to track. Scientists created the use of more than a decade of data from NASA's Aura satellite. Sulfur dioxide is a harmful air pollutant and a contributor to climate change.
Technology This year, NASA's investments in space technology paid off with the launch of several technological charges delivered to the International Space Station and beyond, the realization of two grand prize competitions and the terrestrial demonstration of technologies that It can be day to build and repair large structures in space.
Here are some of the highlights of NASA technology for 2017: The Station Explorer for X-ray synchronization and navigation technology (,) will test, for the first time in space, the Use of pulsars to form a GPS system that can support the navigation of spacecraft throughout the solar system, allowing the exploration of deep space in the future. SEXTANT, included with the Composer Explorer of the interior of the neutron star (NICER), now works from outside the space station. On November 12, which was launched aboard the ATB CRS-8 Cygnus Orbital Replenishment mission to the International Space Station, it will test the high-speed optical data transmission and proximity operations of small spacecraft, and demonstrate a reflected antenna that increases the data rates of the downlink for CubeSats. Since NASA began in 2005, there have been 18 challenges, resulting in more than $ 8 million in prizes awarded to more than 60 teams across the country. In August, Team Foster + Partners of Chattanooga, Tennessee and a $ 250,000 prize for successfully completing Phase 2, Level 3 of the 3D-Printed Habitat Challenge. The Directory of the Space Technology Mission and the secured space to launch CubeSats of the three winning teams in Exploration Mission-1, the first integrated flight of NASA's Spacemand SystemandOrion spacecraft. The active competitions of Centennial Challenges are: advance in the field of tissue engineering; Cube Quest to advance the capabilities of small satellite technology; and Phase 3 of the project to advance the construction technology needed to create sustainable housing solutions for the Earth and beyond. NASA and its business partners are on track to demonstrate technologies that can manufacture, assemble and repair large structures in space through projects (IRMA).
Public Engagement Participating in public events, including South by Southwest; Philadelphia Science Festival; Space day; Artscape; EAA AirVenture; Albuquerque balloon festival; Presentation of electronic objects for the consumer; Super Bowl LI, Bay Area Science Festival; OshKosh; Festival of essence; Boy Scout Jamboree; Bold; and Chicago Air & Water Show, more than five million people had the opportunity to interact with representatives of the United States space agency. The presence of NASA's social networks continued to grow in 2017 with more than 130 million followers on all accounts and platforms. The agency has the most followers of any agency / department in the federal government on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Snapchat and Google +. The agency also sponsored 13 Social Networks of NASA this year, bringing together more than 650 followers who interact with NASA through social networks personal experiences of exploration and discovery. NASA's digital communications team was honored with four Webby Awards in 2017. For the first time, NASA's presence was recognized by Webby Awards, winning in corporate communications and being honored with the People's Voice Award The NASA project was recognized with its second webby for science websites., The agency's main website, received its ninth popular voice award in the category of Government and Civil Innovation. The total solar eclipse generated unprecedented traffic for NASA.gov, with a record 25.8 million visits on August 21. In general, this year, traffic increased by 24 percent compared to 2016, reaching more than 410,000 visits per day.
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