Coral reefs can help save the world from the devastating effects of ocean storms, but their management remains a major challenge for most countries. This is the best way to protect the natural breakwaters of the world.
( Pixabay )
A recent study revealed that extreme floods caused by ocean storms could double around the world if coral reefs continue to disappear.
Coral reefs are known to act as natural barriers that play an important role in protecting against waves, storms and floods. Without them, life could be lost and property could be damaged.
According to the findings of the same study, the loss of these natural structures would cost billions of dollars worldwide each year due to frequent storms and flood damage. In addition, floods could quadruple and cause sea levels to increase by one meter or more.
What causes the disappearance of coral reefs?
There are suggestions that climate change and human activities are among the reasons for the destruction of coral reefs. The coral of the world These activities include coastal development, coral extraction, pollution and overfishing.
The ultimate solution to save the world's coral population is to reverse climate change, but achieving this would be a very difficult and time-consuming task.
Two promising alternatives studies are currently seeking methods to improve coral reproduction, namely, in vitro fertilization and induced spawning.
In vitro Fertilization of Coral and Induced Spawning
FIV coral is performed in a manner similar to IVF in humans. It involves collecting, transferring and transplanting a large quantity of sperm and coral eggs and making them grow into larvae before redistributing them to the reef.
Induced spawning, on the other hand, involves the reproduction of certain environmental conditions to induce spawning of the captive. corals reliably. To do this, scientists would have to recreate an artificial environment that reproduces movement, lighting and water temperature correlated with spawning.
Scientists from the Horniman Museum and Gardens in the United Kingdom were responsible for the development of these two pioneering methods. Earlier this year, they announced that they had completed successful experiments in in vitro fertilization of coral and induced spawning.
Mitigation of the effects of climate change and proper reef management
In addition to these two methods, other solutions to save the coral population must manage the reef properly, mitigate the effects of climate change, reduce pollution and deal with the animals and human activities that directly affect the reef.
This is exactly what the government of Australia is doing. Recently, the country's authorities announced that they would commit around $ 500 million to save the Great Barrier Reef.
Regarding the proper management of the reefs, researchers from the University of California-Santa Cruz said that several countries such as Cuba, Mexico and Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines would definitely benefit if they managed their reefs well.
Researchers urge world governments to invest in the conservation of coral reefs to prevent damage from future storms and floods.
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