The judges planned to block the inclusion of unauthorized migrants in the count to give them seats in Congress


On Thursday, a panel of three federal judges in New York blocked the Trump administration from moving ahead. The plans Excluding unspecified migrants from the count used to determine the number of seats received in the House of Representatives. The decision temporarily halts an unprecedented proposal with potential seismic political impact.

At the center of Thursday’s ruling is a proclamation issued in July by Mr. Trump, in which Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, who oversees the US Census Bureau, facilitates the collection of data, allowing him to use immigrants without legal status To be removed from the enumeration. Congress debasement. There is a constitutionally mandated procedure for determining the number of House seats in each state every 10 years after the census.

The three-judge panel, which specifically called for the case to be heard, said the proposal violates federal laws that govern the redevelopment of congressional seats and census counts. The judges did not address whether Mr. Trump’s directive is constitutional.

“By directing the Secretary to provide two sets of numbers, one that is derived from the courtesy census and one not, and declaring that it is the policy of the United States to use the latter with regard to appeasement , The president deviates from the memorandum and thus violates the statutory scheme, ”the judges wrote. “Second, the President’s memorandum has violated the law system, because illegal aliens qualify as” persons “in the” state “as long as they live in the United States because Congress used those words did.”

Thursday’s order stems from a lawsuit imposed by a New York-led coalition of states. The legal challenge is one of several filed in federal courts around the country against Mr. Trump’s instructions.

New York Attorney General Leticia James said in a statement, “The courts have ruled in our favor in every census case over the past two years and consistently rejected President Trump’s unlawful attempts to manipulate the census for political purposes. “

According to an estimate by the Pew Research Center, California, Texas and Florida, Mr. Trump’s changes would ensue fewer seats than expected in the House of Representatives. Alabama, Minnesota and Ohio, on the other hand, will hold seats they would otherwise lose.

Census Bureau efforts to count people for the 2020 census – which have become a hindrance Coronavirus epidemic – Currently underway. Earlier in the month, a federal judge in California blocked the administration from reducing the final deadline for collecting census responses, a move advocates say is an undercount, especially among communities of color. Will lead

Since the first census was done in 1790, for the purpose of empowering Congress, America has always counted both citizens and non-citizens regardless of their immigration status. The constitution stipulates that each state must have at least one representative, and that the assessment of other seats should be based on population calculations.

Until the 14th Amendment was ratified in 1860, enslaved African Americans were counted as three-fifths of an individual for Congressional empowerment. By 1940, American Indians classified as “no tax” were excluded.

The 14th amendment required appointing representatives on the basis of “the full number of persons in each state”. In his order in July, Mr. Trump said that because “individuals” are not defined, they have “the right to exclude from base aliens who are not in a valid immigration status.” In doing so, he said that a representative would uphold the principles of democracy.

Officials from the Census Bureau and the Department of Justice and Commerce did not respond to requests for comment on Thursday’s order, which can be appealed to the US Supreme Court.

Mr. Trump’s order in July is part of a broader effort by his administration on how people in America are counted in the census and how that data should be used.

The Trump administration first included a question on US citizenship during the 2020 census in March 2018. But its efforts do so, stating that it was for the purpose of implementing the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which had a string of legal challenges that ended. Supreme Court, which barred the administration from adding time to print the questionnaires.

During litigation on the question, it was revealed that Thomas Hoffeller, now a deceased conservative political operative, played a role in helping to prepare the administration for the justification of the citizenship question, which he said was a 2015 study The officials will be allowed to draw election. “Beneficial Maps for Republican and Non-Hispanic Whites.”

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