ITER is the logical production of "what if we throw a lot of money and scientists from around the world into the problem of fusion"? It is funded by seven agencies: mainly the EU, with small US participation. UU., India, China, Russia, Japan and South Korea. Construction began in 2013, but delays have led to a difficult road for the massive project, which leads to an inflated price tag of $ 22 billion, estimated ITER in March. But since the project will try to replicate the energy reactions found in the sun and hydrogen bombs, complexity is expected.
ITER is now half-built and construction is expected to finish in 2021. The facility aims to start experiments to produce fusion reactions in 2025. ITER will use a method called hydrogen fusion, The New York report Times about the installation describes: the deuterium and tritium nuclei fuse to form helium, which will release a lot of energy that bounces around the camera reactor and hits its walls, which makes it hot. But since the installation will only prove the concept, it will not convert it into energy.
Eventually, standard fusion power plants will use heat to produce steam, which turns a turbine into an electricity generator. That's essentially how traditional installations produce energy, but the fusion plants will not have all the byproducts of irradiated waste, carbon emissions or the danger of a meltdown. ITER scientists anticipate that the fusion plants will begin to connect online in 2040 once the concept is tested by the colossal institution.