Scientists are beginning to separate the data surrounding the supermbadive black hole at the center of Messier 87, an object that has historically been revealed this week as the first black hole ever directly photographed.
It is 55 million light years from Earth, and is estimated to have an amazing mbad of about 6.5 billion times that of the sun.
Observations of NASA's Chandra and NuSTAR satellites now reveal that it is also ejecting high-energy particles at almost the speed of light, spewing material more than 1,000 light-years away.
NASA observations were used to measure the X-ray brightness of the M87 jet, which was then compared to models and observations from the Event Horizon Telescope.
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The high-energy particles that make up the jet of the M87 are fired from a region close to the event horizon, and it has been observed that they mysteriously dim and illuminate in the Hubble's previous data. The huge jet can be seen in the X-ray image of NASA's Chandra Observatory.
There are many mysteries about the nature of black holes, including why some eject material in these aircraft, despite being known as inescapable objects.
It is hoped that the latest observation advance will help answer some of these long-standing questions.
The high-energy particles that form the jet of the M87 are fired from a region near the event horizon, and it has been observed that they are attenuating and illuminating mysteriously
"X-rays help us connect what's happening with the particles near the event's horizon with what we can measure with our telescopes," said Joey Neilsen, an astronomer at Villanova University in Pennsylvania who led Chandra's badyzes. NuSTAR on behalf of the EHT. Working group of multiple wavelength.
"Programming all these coordinated observations was a really difficult problem for both the EHT and the Chandra and NuSTAR mission planners," said Neilsen.
"They did a really incredible job to get the data we have, and we are extremely grateful."
Scientists have lifted the veil in the first images that have been captured from the event horizon of a black hole. In a series of highly anticipated press conferences held simultaneously around the world, the team behind the Horizon Event Telescope revealed the results of its first series of observations. The bright orange ring shows the event horizon of M87, in the Virgo galaxy cluster
WHAT IS A HORIZON OF EVENTS?
The event horizon is a theoretical limit around a black hole where light or other radiation can not escape.
When any of that material gets too close to the edge of the hole, known as the event horizon, its atoms are shattered.
The nuclei disappear below the horizon, the much lighter electrons are trapped in the intense magnetic field of the black hole and launch them at great speed.
This twisting motion causes them to release photons, which is the main source of emission of matter near the black hole.
The event on April 10th focused on the results of the first complete execution of the Event Horizon Telescope network, which was carried out in 2017.
Using a virtual telescope & # 39; built from eight radio observatories located at different points on the globe, the international team has spent the last few years exploring Sagittarius A *, the supermbadive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way, and another goal called M87 in the cluster of galaxies Virgo.
While black holes are invisible by nature, the ultra-heated material that swirls in between them forms a ring of light around the perimeter that reveals the mouth of the object depending on its silhouette. This limit is known as the event horizon.
"We've seen what we thought was not seen," said EHT Director Sheperd Doeleman, introducing the bright orange ring that is the object in the center of Messier 87 (M87), and our first direct look at a black hole .
The breakthrough adds significant support for Einstein's theory of general relativity and could help answer long-standing questions about the nature of black holes.
The development of technology to obtain the image was a Herculean task & # 39; in itself, the researchers said; No telescope is powerful enough to visualize a black hole with so much detail by itself.
But, through international collaboration and a variety of instruments, the team built a virtual telescope essentially as large as Earth itself, allowing them to look at Messier 87, which is 55 million light-years away, to see the black hole in its center.
There are many mysteries about the nature of black holes, including why some eject material in these aircraft, despite being known as inescapable objects. It is hoped that the latest observation advance will help answer some of these long-standing questions.
Observations of NASA's Chandra and NuSTAR satellites now reveal that it is also ejecting high-energy particles at almost the speed of light, spewing material for more than 1,000 light-years. NASA observations were used to measure the X-ray brightness of the M87 jet
The data required more than "half a ton of hard drives," according to Dan Marrone, Associate Professor of Astronomy at the University of Arizona.
The eight telescopes collected 5 petabytes of data, or the equivalent of 5,000 years of mp3's, or a life of selfies for 40,000 people.
"Now we have visual evidence of a black hole," Doeleman said. & # 39; Now we know that there is a black hole in the center of M87. The material that moves around the black hole moves at light speeds.
"Now we have a completely new way of discovering the black holes we've never had before, and like all new discoveries, this is just the beginning."