Territorial losses suffered by Islamic State in Syria, Iraq

BEIRUT (AP) — With new losses, the Islamic State group has been pushed from greater than 96 % of the big elements of Iraq and Syria it as soon as held, crushing its purpose of building a “caliphate” within the area.

Syrian President Bashar Assad’s navy on Friday introduced the seize of the jap Syrian metropolis of Deir el-Zour, whereas Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi proclaimed victory in retaking the city of Qaim on the border, the militants’ final vital city space in Iraq.

The militants are left preventing for a last stretch inside Syria and desert areas alongside the Iraq-Syria border. Three years in the past, they’d defiantly erased that line, flattening berms marking the frontier.

Since then, they’ve misplaced infrastructure, sources, provide routes, management over about eight million individuals and — most significantly — administration of a contiguous territory. The extremist group should still show to be a serious problem for months because it turns to a clandestine insurgency.

What the group misplaced within the final 11 months, and what’s left:

QAIM

Iraqi forces’ final typical navy combat towards IS performed out in Qaim, on the western fringe of Anbar province alongside the border with Syria. Operations started there within the final week of October. On Friday, Iraq mentioned it now controls the city and the close by border crossing with Syria.

The crossing within the Euphrates River Valley was utilized by IS to maneuver fighters and provides between the 2 international locations when the group managed practically a 3rd of Iraqi territory.

Brett McGurk, the U.S. envoy for the combat towards the Islamic State group, mentioned Thursday the group is now dealing with “annihilation” with the losses in western Iraq and practically 96 % of its territory. He earlier mentioned 6.6 million individuals have been liberated because the group misplaced over 90,000 sq. kilometers (35,000 sq. miles) within the final 12 months.

The Islamic State “has not reclaimed single meter of this ground. Migrant and refugee flows reversed,” McGurk tweeted Thursday.

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DEIR EL-ZOUR

The Syrian authorities declared Friday that it has taken full management of Deir el-Zour, the place its troops and tens of hundreds of civilians have been besieged by IS militants for practically three years.

Gen. Ali Mayhoub, spokesman for the Syrian military, known as it a strategic victory, noting Deir el-Zour’s location on a crossroads linking Syria’s jap, northern and central areas, and its position in distributing the province’s oil.

Mayhoub mentioned IS militants are actually remoted and encircled within the countryside east of the town. Government forces are centered on Boukamal, the final IS city middle in Syria.

Kurdish forces backed by the U.S. are also making a bid for the strategic border city from the opposite aspect of the Euphrates, renewing fears of a confrontation between the 2 forces searching for to manage the border space.

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RAQQA

This frame grab from a video released on Nov. 2, 2017 by the Syrian official news agency SANA shows a Syrian army tank firing during a battle against Islamic State militants in Deir el-Zour, Syria. The Syrian army announced on Friday, Nov. 3 it liberated the long-contested eastern city of Deir el-Zour from the Islamic State group. (SANA via AP)

This body seize from a video launched on Nov. 2, 2017 by the Syrian official information company SANA reveals a Syrian military tank firing throughout a battle towards Islamic State militants in Deir el-Zour, Syria. The Syrian military introduced on Friday, Nov. three it liberated the long-contested jap metropolis of Deir el-Zour from the Islamic State group. (SANA through AP)

Raqqa, the IS group’s de-facto capital, fell to Kurdish-led forces on Oct. 17, 4 months after operations to reclaim it started. The metropolis was the group’s hub of operations, and its seize was a serious symbolic blow.

The first metropolis to fall into IS palms, international fighters flocked to Raqqa. The U.S.-led coalition estimated that 40,000 fighters from Europe, North Africa and Asia as soon as flowed into IS territory.

The group carried out beheadings and different killings in a public sq. in Raqqa to attempt to challenge its ruthless nature. The metropolis additionally was the middle of its media operations, the place movies about the advantages of life underneath IS had been produced.

Planning for a number of the main violence in Europe was traced to Raqqa, together with the lethal badaults in Paris in 2015 and in Brussels in 2016.

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MAYADEEN

On Oct. 14, the Syrian authorities mentioned its troops and allied fighters seized the city of Mayadeen, on the western financial institution of the Euphrates River. The city had turn into a refuge for the militant group’s leaders from preventing in Raqqa and Deir el-Zour to the north and Iraq to the east.

Mayadeen was additionally a serious level within the race for management of the oil-rich jap Deir el-Zour province. Washington has feared advances by Syrian troops and allied fighters towards the Iraqi border might badist Iran develop its affect within the area and set up a “Shiite corridor” of land hyperlinks from Iraq to Lebanon, and all the way in which to Israel. Iran backs militias preventing alongside the Syrian navy.

The Syrian authorities had feared that U.S.-backed forces would get to Mayadeen first, however the militants pulled again a number of days after the battle started, disappearing into the desert.

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HAWIJA

It took 20 days to liberate Hawija, depriving IS of its final vital city space in Iraq.

Iraqi forces fought alongside the Kurdish peshmerga to retake the town in oil-rich Kirkuk province on Oct. 10. Hundreds of IS fighters and their households surrendered to the Kurdish forces.

The fall of the town additionally eradicated a unifying issue for the peshmerga and the Iraqi navy and federal police together with their Shiite militia allies. That opened the way in which for the stress that adopted among the many former allies.

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TAL AFAR

The city was liberated by coalition-backed Iraqi forces Aug. 30, ending the IS presence in northern Iraq. Thousands of IS fighters and their households turned themselves over to Iraqi and Kurdish forces because the city fell, the primary occasion of mbad surrenders of IS fighters on the heels of a navy victory.

FILE - In this July 4, 2017 file photo, fleeing Iraqi civilians walk past the heavily damaged al-Nuri mosque as Iraqi forces continue their advance against Islamic State militants in the Old City of Mosul, Iraq. A new United Nations report published Thursday, Nov. 2, 2017,  has found that the Islamic State group committed serious "international crimes" such as using civilians as human shields during the Iraqi military's nine-month campaign to liberate the city of Mosul. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana, File)

FILE – In this July four, 2017 file photograph, fleeing Iraqi civilians stroll previous the closely broken al-Nuri mosque as Iraqi forces proceed their advance towards Islamic State militants within the Old City of Mosul, Iraq. A brand new United Nations report printed Thursday, Nov. 2, 2017, has discovered that the Islamic State group dedicated critical “international crimes” reminiscent of utilizing civilians as human shields in the course of the Iraqi navy’s nine-month marketing campaign to liberate the town of Mosul. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana, File)

Unlike the nine-month battle for Mosul, the swift navy victory in Tal Afar was the primary signal of the battlefield losses had weakened IS as a traditional navy drive, in response to the coalition.

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MOSUL

Iraqi forces declared victory in Mosul on July 10. While clashes continued between small teams of IS fighters in tunnels underneath the outdated metropolis for weeks after, the lack of Mosul successfully broke the again of the caliphate.

Iraq’s second-largest metropolis, Mosul was a hub for conferences of the IS management. It was the most important metropolis underneath the militants’ management and was an necessary website of amenities for making automobile bombs, smaller explosives and mortar rounds. The militants used civilians as shields to forestall the weapons factories from being focused by coalition airstrikes.

The combat for Mosul was lengthy and dear, killing hundreds of civilians and Iraqi safety forces. IS fighters used years of tight management of the town to construct defenses that extended the battle and brought about widespread loss of life and destruction.

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WHAT IS LEFT

The Syrian metropolis of Boukamal is the final main city middle within the palms of IS.

The group is also unfold alongside the Syria-Iraq border in villages within the provinces of Hbadakeh and Deir el-Zour in jap Syria.

There are also small IS cells in Iraq’s Nineveh, Anbar and Salahudin provinces, the place the central authorities has lacked sturdy management for years.

Along this skinny line on the border of the 2 international locations, the militants nonetheless have a presence in a area operating west of the Euphrates River towards the Syrian desert, between Deir el-Zour and Homs provinces. There is also a small IS presence close to Damascus.

In a briefing final week, Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, mentioned small numbers of IS leaders are “attempting to leverage local insurgencies” in Africa and Asia as they lose territory in Iraq and Syria.

The group’s militants and native badociates in Egypt, Libya, the Sahel space of Africa and the Philippines proceed to problem authorities, finishing up common badaults.

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George reported from Baghdad. Brian Rohan in Cairo contributed.

Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This materials might not be printed, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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