Synthetic cannabinoids in Chicago and parts of central Illinois contain brodifacoum, a rat poison, according to state health officials.
"Like many other drugs, synthetic cannabinoids are addictive and people can not give them up." Alternatively, they think it will not happen because they know their distributor or trust wherever they bought the drugs. " he said. "If you know someone who uses synthetic cannabinoids, tell them that these are deadly products and try to help them get treatment."
Synthetic cannabinoids are man-made chemicals that can be sprinkled on dried and crushed plant material and smoked or consumed as vaporized liquids inhaled through an electronic cigarette or other device.
Although these mind-altering chemicals are called cannabinoids, since they are designed to be similar to the chemicals found in marijuana, their actual impacts on the brain and body are much more powerful. They can cause serious side effects that are different from those of marijuana.
Since synthetic cannabinoids in Illinois contain rat poison, the majority of hospitalizations have been linked to unexplained hemorrhages , such as coughing blood, blood in the urine, bloody nose and bleeding gums.
A poison chemical for rats prevents blood clotting, causing severe hemorrhage, according to the state health department .
Health authorities warn that anyone who has a reaction to synthetic cannabinoids, such as severe bleeding, should call 911 or be taken to an emergency department immediately.
To treat bleeding, doctors use high doses of vitamin K, up to 30 tablets per day for up to six months, which can help restore the blood's ability to clot.
Since this growing number of cases requires a large amount of vitamin K and a long duration of treatment, which can cost up to thousands of dollars for every pathetic nt – the Illinois Department of Public Health announced that it is working to find a way of not placing a financial burden on patients linked to the outbreak of synthetic cannabinoids.
The Bausch Foundation, the charitable organization of Valeant Pharmaceuticals, donated almost 800,000 vitamin K tablets to the department.