Symptoms of high blood pressure, understanding of high blood pressure



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If your blood pressure leapt when you heard that heart experts pushed the threshold of high blood pressure, you're not alone.

For years, the condition was defined as having a blood pressure of 140 over 90. The new threshold for "high blood pressure" is 120 over 80; it is ideal for healthy adults, and high blood pressure is greater than 130 80.

RELATED: Is your blood pressure improperly taken by your health care provider? Experts say that probably

According to the new guidelines, developed by the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology, almost half of American adults now suffer from high blood pressure, an increase of 30 million people compared with the previous definition. [19659005Amenudollamada"asesinasilenciosa"lapresiónarterialaltaamenudonohacequelaspersonbadesientanenfermashastaqueseademasiadotardeparaprevenirunataquealcorazónunaccidentecerebrovascularoundañorenalsignificativoLaenfermedadcardíacaeslacausaprincipaldemuerteentrelosestadounidensesyelañopasadomatóamásde633000personasLaapoplejíaylaenfermedadrenaltambiénestáneneltop10matandoauntotalcombinadode190000

In fact, it's terrifying. That is why health experts point to blood pressure as an important indicator of health and suggest that a better awareness of the measure could reduce those mortality rates, saving lives and medical costs.

RELATED: 7 ways to reduce blood pressure without medication

But what do all those numbers really mean? What can you do to be within the normal range? And when should you worry enough to call your doctor?

Understand what your blood pressure reading means: Your blood pressure is the force of blood pressure against the walls of your arteries. The upper number, or systolic pressure, is the force when your heart beats. The lower number, or diastolic pressure, is when your heart is at rest. Your blood pressure is constantly changing, but uncontrolled high blood pressure damages those blood vessels and puts you at risk for stroke and heart attacks. It can even cause serious problems in the kidneys and eyes.

Some factors of high blood pressure are out of your control: Blood pressure naturally increases as you get older. Men have a higher risk of high blood pressure, while women's risk increases after menopause. African Americans are generally at greater risk. High blood pressure can also occur in families.


Home remedies: Control and control your blood pressure (Dreamstime / TNS)

Get the correct diagnosis: Blood pressure changes literally every second. In the study that led to the new guidelines, blood pressure was taken as an average of three measurements during an office visit, with the patient sitting alone for five minutes of silent rest. This is not the patient's typical experience, so you should expect your doctor to get at least two readings, on two separate occasions, before you can be diagnosed with high or high blood pressure.


Focus on what can change: Patients in the study were already at increased risk of "cardiovascular events," with risk factors such as those already mentioned, some of which can not be modified. But there are several changes in lifestyle that can lower your blood pressure without medication. For example, your heart has to pump harder, increasing your blood pressure, if you are overweight. Even a small drop on the scale can help. Quitting smoking can also make a big difference. Reduce the consumption of salt and alcohol helps. Regular exercise strengthens your heart, which means less effort to pump the same amount of blood. Lack of sleep and excessive stress can affect your mood, making it difficult to regulate your heart rate and blood pressure.

Talk to experts : If managing the risks of your lifestyle does not put it back within the normal range, it is important to consult with your doctor. It will take more than one visit to your doctor to make a diagnosis. Once a health professional confirms a problem, several medications can be used to help control blood pressure. You will need regular monitoring. Even if you are taking medication, changes in lifestyle can help reduce the dose of medication and, over time, eliminate the need for them altogether. Heart experts warn that care will be very individualized, but you can use an online calculator developed by the study guide committee to help you understand your own risk.

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