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Sun protection 101: the best way to protect the skin of your children and yours this summer



I was raised in the carefree, hatless 1970s, when caution was abandoned and sunblock was just invented. My mother smeared a thick white paste called Uvistat under our noses. There was no such thing as "water proof" and we burned ourselves often. I remember that the skin on my shoulders was bubbling with blisters after a particularly long day in the sun.

Forty years later and I could not conceive the sunny abandonment of my skin care of the children themselves in the sun, especially since my youngest is a redhead with skin the color of coagulated cream.

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I've done sun protection on the complexion of children so they do not look as worn out as I do at my age. Adequate sun protection also decreases the chances of getting melanoma skin cancer after excessive exposure to the sun, which can be fatal in the worst case scenario.

Pediatric melanomas are extremely rare, says Dr. Jennifer Stein, dermatologist at NYU Langone. in the United States, but "children need sun protection because childhood sunburns have been linked to melanoma later in life."

How do you protect your children's skin and your own skin to preserve not only a great complexion but possibly your health later?

First you need to understand the sun, and specifically its rays. The ultraviolet light of the sun comes in two types: UVA and UVB. UVA rays penetrate deeply, causing damage to the fundamental structure of the skin by compromising its collagen and elastin, and are a danger throughout the year, in sunlight or in the cloud, inside or outside, because they filter through the glass.

is the way your skin tells you that your skin has been damaged by UVB rays, which cause the most obvious damage to the superficial layers of the skin. This is where the sun cream comes in. The SPF (sun protection factor) of sunscreen indicates how much protection it offers against UVB rays: the higher the number, the greater the protection offered.

Dr. Stein recommends a sunscreen with at least one SPF 30. Dr. Wong Shiao Yi, dermatologist at DermaCare Central in Hong Kong, agrees. "For daily use, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, you must use an SPF 30 and above to protect your skin from sunburn, premature skin aging and skin cancer," says Dr. Wong. "I would also recommend 50 for more deliberate and prolonged sun exposure, such as hiking or golf."

However, cautions against the use of ultra high SPF sun creams. "The additional protection offered by an SPF100 sunscreen compared to an SPF 50 is small, and it has been shown that too high factors lead to a false sense of safety in consumers, which leads to incorrect use of the products."

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Encourage clients to search for sunscreens that offer protection from UVA and UVB rays, and cautions that make-up products containing an SPF They should not be used in place of sunscreen because "They are more likely to be applied thinly and do not reach the level of protection they promise to offer and are less likely to be resistant to friction and water."

Recommend the use of makeup products containing SPF with sunscreens. You need about half a teaspoon of sunscreen for the face and neck.

Both doctors stress that you should reapply sunscreen regularly, at least every two hours, and especially after swimming and towel drying.

But sunscreen is just a weapon in the arsenal available to protect our skin. As Stein notes: "You can still burn yourself while wearing sunscreen, and I see many patients who come surprised to have a sunburn on their chest even though they were wearing a sunscreen with an SPF of 80.

" Protective clothing It is more reliable than sunscreen. A shirt is the best way to protect the chest and shoulders. I always recommend hats with wings, especially for hairless men who get so much sun damage on the top of their heads. "

My poor little girl with reddish brown hair was tied en bloc and forced to swim in a neck for … sunscreen swimsuit knee." The three did not care, objected vehemently to the 17, then it was a bikini, shorts, a shirt and a hat, and the growing awareness that sunburn was painful and caused freckles, which she hated 19659003] Why some sunscreens may not protect completely against harmful rays [19659004] The biggest improvement in sun protection in recent years is the widespread availability of sun-protective clothing for children and adults in a variety of styles and prices.

Years ago, sun-protective clothing was hard to find , expensive and inelegant, you can now find bath shirts from many popular clothing lines in stores and online, "she says. Look for clothes with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of at least 30, which will block the most harmful rays.

Recently, sunscreens or ingesibles have also been promoted. "Oral supplements that contain an extract of a fern, Polypodium leucotomos possibly make it harder to burn with the sun," Stein says. But while several recent studies support this, he cautions that these supplements should not replace other forms of sun protection.

The US Food and Drug Administration. UU It issued a warning in May against certain companies that market pills labeled as dietary supplements, with claims that they protect against the dangers of the sun, says Dr. Wong.

Even when sunscreen protectors and sunscreen clothing become more fashionable, the adage "slip, slip, slap, search and slide" will always be wise to observe: slip into a shirt; sunblock bath; slapping a hat; seek shelter; and slide on some good quality sunglasses to protect your eyes.

My daughter, who has her hair on, is cool in the shade, looking over her aviators while her companions shatter her skin. They will look just like their mother, I think to myself.

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1. If you're a runner, try a sunscreen with a stick on the front, says Stein. "It's less likely to get in your eyes when you're sweating like an aqueous lotion would." Also use sunscreens labeled "sport", which are intended for active use. "

Apply 30 minutes before running so that it really sinks into your skin, take it to long runs and reapply every hour or so, says Wong.

2. Dr. Wong advocates oil-free and water-resistant formulas, those that do not contain fragrances will help prevent bites, coat your block with chemical and mineral sunscreen, the former offers better coverage against UVA and UVB rays, as it protects against absorption. the sun's rays, but it is more irritating to the skin, the latter, which uses zinc oxide or titanium dioxide and protects the rays when it is deflected, is thicker but easily wears away.

3. Read the label Check the safe and effective protection (UVA and UVB) often cited as "broad spectrum protection." But also check compatibility with skin type, activity and aesthetics, such as better extension capacity .

Textures plus li geras, durable water protection, fast-drying ingredients, extra vitamins, antioxidants and anti-pollutants will also be a factor. This makes them more pleasant to use, so you are more likely to use them.

4. Do not underestimate the strength of the Hong Kong sun, says Dr. Wong, especially on cloudy days. Always check the UV index.

5. Take special care with children. Apply sunscreen inside, half an hour before they leave, covering the back of the neck, the top of the ears, the top of the feet and the back of the hands. Make sure they wear sunscreen, a big hat and while you are protected from the bright sunlight in your sunglasses, remember to also protect your eyes.

Children spend a lot of time around the water under the sun, remember the hard reflection that comes from this, and still fill the sunblock. Use a sunscreen with zinc oxide and / or titanium dioxide, called physical or mineral blocks.

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They are safer for the skin than chemical-based sunscreens because they are hypoallergenic, and will not sting a child's eyes. Be careful with the sunscreen spray. As easy to use as they are, they can be irritating, even dangerous, if inhaled and should never be used near the face that needs a lot of coverage. The waterproof sunscreen does not protect all day. Protects between 40 and 80 minutes.

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