Students at Northwestern University in the USA UU They study a mummy of Egyptian portrait of 1,900 years old – tech2.org

Students at Northwestern University in the USA UU They study a mummy of Egyptian portrait of 1,900 years old



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A group of students at Northwestern University in the USA. UU Study an intriguing theme: a rare portrait mummy of a five-year-old girl who was excavated in Egypt in 1911.

  Representative image. Image: Reuters

Representative image. Image: Reuters

The study of this rare archaeological object is part of an interdisciplinary clbad at Northwestern focused, in part, on completing the contextual history of where this mummy came from and who she was, the university said in a statement. week

Thirteen students of material sciences and humanities are examining the materials and methods used to create this intact portrait mummy for an upcoming exhibit at the Art Museum of the Northwestern Bloc.

Scientists still do not know how their body was prepared 1,900 years ago in Egypt, with what objects it may have been buried, the quality of its bones and what material is present in its brain cavity.

As part of a comprehensive scientific investigation, the mummy was taken to the Argonne National Laboratory in the United States earlier this week for a first-of-its-kind X-ray scattering experiment.

"This is a unique experiment, a three-dimensional puzzle," said Stuart Stock of Northwestern University Feinberg Sch. ool of Medicine, who led the experiment.

"We have some preliminary findings on the various materials, but it will take days before adjusting the precise answers to our questions, we have confirmed that the fragments in the cerebral cavity are likely to have a solidified tone, not a crystalline material," he added. Stock.

The Roman-Egyptian mummy, which resides at the Garrett Evangelical Theological Seminary on the Northwestern Evanston campus, is one of only about 100 portrait mummies in the world.

These mummies have an extremely realistic painting of the deceased individual incorporated into the wrappings of the mummy and placed directly on the face of the person, a style introduced by the Romans.

Just over a meter long, the girl's body is wrapped in a large amount of linen. The outermost wrappings have been arranged in a geometric pattern adorned with overlapping rhombuses and also serve to frame the portrait.

The face, painted with beeswax and pigment, looks serenely outward, its dark hair gathered at the back. He wears a crimson tunic and gold jewelry.

"Intact portrait mummies are extremely rare, and having one here on campus was revealing for the clbad and the exhibition," said Marc Walton of the McCormick School of Engineering at Northwestern.

Walton teaches the fall trimester clbad with Taco Terpstra, Assistant Professor of Clbadics and History at the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences.

Prior to his trip to Argonne, the mummy had a computed tomography (CT) scan at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in August.

The examination provided the researchers with a three-dimensional map of the structure of the mummy and allowed them to confirm that the girl is approximately 5 years old.

The findings of the X-ray experiment, computed tomography and other scientific badyzes and history studies conducted by the students are expected to help researchers and historians better understand the context in which the mummy was excavated in 1911, as well as as the mummification practices of the Roman period.

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