An image of a spectacular butterfly-shaped bubble of gas in the Milky Way has been captured by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescope.
The striking planet nebula, known as NGC 2899, appears to float and flow across the sky in this ancient image from ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile.
A planetary nebula is created when a star runs out of fuel to burn and blows the outer layers of gas into space.
NGC 2899 has never been captured in such detail before, revealing the faint outer edges of the rising gas flaring shell above the background stars.
The blue parts of the ‘butterfly’, located 6,500 light years away, contain oxygen gas, while the red surrounding the edge contains hydrogen.
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This highly detailed image of the planetary nebula of NGC 2899 was captured using a force instrument at ESO’s Very Large Telescope in northern Chile. Never before has this object been seen in such striking detail
“This object has never been seen in such striking detail, even along the outer edges of the planetary nebula shining on the background stars,” the ESO said in a statement.
Despite their names, planet nebulae – gas shells and dust that have been ejected from a dying star – have nothing to do with the planets.
They form when ancient stars reach the end of their lives, collapse to six times the mass of our Sun, collapse, and fly out of an expanse of gas rich in heavy elements.
Intense UV radiation illuminates and illuminates these moving spheres, allowing them to glow for thousands of years.
The planetary nebula eventually spreads slowly through space, meaning they are relatively short-lived and rare – about 1,500 are known in the galaxy, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics estimates.
NGC 2899, discovered in 1835 by English astronomer John Herschel, is located somewhere between 3,000 and 6,500 light-years in the southern constellation of Vela.
The giant gases of NGC 2899 circulate a maximum of two light years from its center and reach 18,000 ° F or 10,000 ° C.
An image of the Omega Nebula, captured by a very large telescope (VLT) with a dusty, rose-colored center
Such high temperatures are caused by a large amount of radiation from the original star of the nebula, which causes hydrogen gas in the lemon, which glows in a red colored halo around the oxygen gas in blue.
NGC 2899 has two central stars, which are believed to give it an almost symmetrical appearance.
After one star reaches the end of its life and collapses its outer layers, the second star interferes with the flow of gas, creating a butterfly-like two-lobe shape.
The ESO stated that only 10 to 20 percent of planetary nebulae exhibit this type of dipole shape.
Astronomers were able to capture this image using the Force (Focal Reducer and Low Dispersion Spectrograph) instrument installed on UT1, one of the four 27-foot telescopes that make VLTs in Chile.
This high-resolution instrument was one of the first to be installed on VLT – which began operations in 1998 – and is behind other stunning images.
In 2013, FORS returned an image of a unique green-green nebula of slim tinted ghosts from the 1984 film Ghostbusters.
Nebula IC 1295, a glowing green planet around a dim and dying star. It is located about 3300 light years away in the constellations of Scootum (The Shield).
The planet Neharika IC 1295 appeared in a constellation of scutum around 3,300 light years away around a dim and dying star.
Also captured an earlier shot Omega Nebula 6,500 light years away in the constellation Sagittarius, with a dusty, rose-colored center.
FORS has been used to conduct an in-depth study of the physics behind the creation of complex planet nebulae.
It also contributes to observations of light from a gravitational wave source and has previously conducted research on known interstellar asteroids.
The asteroid, named ‘Oumuamua’ by its explorers, is up to one-quarter mile (400 m) long and extremely-long – possibly 10 times as long as it is wide.
Very few telescopes are a powerful ground-based material that occurs in children.
The European Southern Observatory (ESO) built the most powerful telescope ever in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile.
It is called Very Large Telescope (VLT) and is Widely regarded as one of the most advanced optical devices.
It consists of four telescopes, The main mirror has a diameter of 27 feet (8.2 m).
There are also four movable six feet (1.8 m) diameter supporting telescopes.
The large telescopes are called Antu, Qayen, Melipal and Yepun.
The European Southern Observatory (ESO) built the most powerful telescope ever built in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile and called it Very Large Telescope (VLT).
The first of the unit telescopes, ‘Antu’, went into regular scientific operation on 1 April 1999.
Telescopes can work together to make a huge ‘interferometer’.
This interferometer allows images to be filtered for any unnecessary obscured objects and, as a result, astronomers get 25 times more nuance detail than individual telescopes.
This entails viewing the first image of an extrasolar planet as well as tracking individual stars revolving around a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way.
It also saw the aftermath of the famous Gamma Ray Burst insurgency,