Sovereign worm is close to elimination as cases are reduced to half a year


DAKAR, Senegal (AP) – Just over two dozen people in the world are infected with the guinea worm, according to a new report, community programs are close to eradicating the disease in which a meter-long worm slowly develops from a blister on the person. Skin of.

The US-based Carter Center, which spearheaded the eradication campaign, says six countries in sub-Saharan Africa reported just 27 cases in 2020, or half the number of cases in 2019. The center said a 20% drop in animal infections was also observed.

The reduction in cases is hailed as a growing coronavirus epidemic globally in the health community. Despite cuts to several programs worldwide, the Carter Center said its community-based program to eliminate the guinea worm was up to 95%.

“We are reporting a 50% reduction in human cases, last year only 27 people in the world had a guinea worm. And this was compared in 1986 when 3.5 million people in around 21 countries were reporting Guinea worm disease annually, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa, but also in the Middle East and Asia, “Adam Weiss, The Carter Center’s Guinea Hostel Director of the elimination program, told The Associated Press.

According to provisional figures, Chad had about 12 cases in 2020, followed by Ethiopia with 11. One case each in Angola, Cameroon, Mali and South Sudan.

VIS said the complex logistics and supply chain of the COVID-19 epidemic reduced capabilities for research activities and made it difficult to move staff, but they fought the guinea worm to keep up with tasks that occurred last year Cited long-term work and community involvement.

“We are quite fortunate that this is a community-based program, and therefore volunteers have been active throughout the epidemic,” he said.

Unlike other diseases controlled by drugs or vaccines, guinea worm can be eradicated by training people to filter and drink clean water. Further challenges will be education, monitoring and continued access to safe drinking water.

Contracted by drinking infected water, guinea worm disease affects some of the most vulnerable people in the world. The 3-foot-long worm is asymptomatic and has up to a year before people emerge from pain, often in extremely sensitive parts of the body.

According to The Carter Center, guinea worm is promoted for the second human disease ending after smallpox. The World Health Organization warns that the remaining cases may be the most difficult to control because they usually occur in remote and often inaccessible areas.

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Sanz from Atlanta reported.

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