PHOTO An illustration image shows cigarettes in its
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA (Reuters) – Fewer people smoke around the world, especially
women, but only one country in eight is on track to reach a goal
To reduce tobacco consumption significantly by the year 2025, the World Health Organization
The Organization (WHO) said on Thursday.
Three million people die prematurely each year due to tobacco use
which causes cardiovascular diseases like heart attacks and
apoplexy, the world's leading killers, he said, marking the world No
Tobacco Day. Include 890,000 deaths per second-hand
exposure to smoke.
WHO closed a historic treaty in 2005, now ratified by 180
countries, which calls for the prohibition of tobacco advertising and
sponsorship and taxes to discourage use.
"The global prevalence of smoking has declined since
27 percent in 2000 to 20 percent in 2016, so progress has been
done, "Douglas Bettcher, director of WHO prevention of
department of non-communicable diseases, said at a press conference.
Launch of the WHO global report on trends in the prevalence of
smoking, he said that the industrialized countries are doing
faster progress than developing countries.
"One of the main factors that hinder low and medium income
countries no doubt it's countries face resistance for a tobacco
industry that wants to replace customers who die freely
market their products and maintain affordable prices for young people
people, "he added.
Progress in kicking the habit is uneven, with the Americas
only region established to meet the goal of a 30 percent reduction in
consumption of tobacco by 2025 compared to 2010, for both men and women, the
However, the United States is not currently on the way, stuck
through litigation over warnings on cigarette packaging and delays in
taxes, said Vinayak Prasad of the WHO tobacco control unit.
Parts of Western Europe have reached a "deadlock", particularly
Because women do not stop smoking, African men
delay, and tobacco use in the Middle East is set to
increase, said WHO.
In general, tobacco kills more than 7 million a year and many people
know that it increases the risk of cancer, said the WHO.
But many tobacco users in China and India are unaware of their
increased risk of developing heart disease and stroke, so
urgent to intensify awareness campaigns, he said.
"The percentage of adults who do not believe that smoking causes
stroke are, for example, in China as high as 73 percent, for the heart
attacks 61 percent of adults in China who do not know what to smoke
the risk increases, "said Bettcher. Our goal is to close this gap. "
China and India have the largest number of smokers in the world,
accounting for 307 million and 106 million, respectively, of the
1.1 billion adult smokers in the world, followed by Indonesia with 74
million, as shown by WHO figures. India also has 200 million
the 367 million consumers of smokeless tobacco in the world.
(Alexandra Hudson Edition)