Centralia, Pennsylvania, was once a thriving town, supported by the coal industry. But in 1962 a fireplace lit a mine near the center of a ship and stored all the remains of the 25 million-ton coal charm under the town. One year after a year, the fire spread, let go of dangerous gas, open up fire poles, and finally make the village alive – to people anyway.
Because it's out of place and in a new heat-hot spot, some interesting microbes have appeared: thermophiles. These microbes, which survive in very hot temperatures, have been enjoying some of the aircraft zones in Centralia, some of which have heated up to nearly 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius) over and above a few decades.
Ashley Shade, a professor at the University of Michigan State, has been investigating the changes in the temperature of the new Centralia and the impact of insects on the communities. Her team has been looking at the relationship between things like temperature change in soils and the size of the genes of the microbe. “Your idea is that if you can keep your cell small, you are going to benefit from the fact that you don't have to spend as much power just holding up your cell parts, which are like growing. more fluffy at higher temperature, ”said Shade The Verge last month.
With the help of Shade, Very small Science took a trip to Centralia, collected some samples of hot soil, and tried to grow heat in our studio (including fire – not under fire). Check the video for processes and results.