Promising 42,000 new homes in five residential districts, the Malay word for “middle” – the eco-town of Tenga, although it is in the western region of the island – is the 24th new built by the Government of Singapore since World War II There will be agreement. However, it is the first with centralized cooling, automated garbage collection and a car-free city center, which conservationists hope provides a roadmap to reduce carbon emissions in the Southeast Asian city-state.
The development is being termed as “One Town” by the authorities due to the lush greenery and public parks. Once home to brick-making factories, and later used for military training, the 700-hectare (2.7-square-mile) site has been reclaimed in recent years by an extensive secondary forest. A 328-foot-wide ecological “corridor” will be maintained through its center, which will provide safe passage to wildlife and connect the water catchment area on one side to a nature reserve on the other.
Planners say the city is built with pedestrians and cyclists in mind. Credit: Courtesy Housing and Development Board
According to Chong Fook Loong, Group Director for Research and Planning of the Housing and Development Board (HDB) of Singapore, the project has proved a tabla rasa for urban planners, overseeing the country’s public housing.
“Tanga is a clean slate,” he said in a video interview, explaining that the street, parking and utilities are being pushed under the city center. “We’re going for the ideal concept of traffic segregation, (everything) is underground and then the ground level is completely freed up for pedestrians. So, it’s a very safe environment for everybody.
“We want a city that allows walking and cycling in a very user-friendly manner,” he said, noting that cycling has been “particularly” off-putting in Singapore over the last three to five years. ”
The master plan will see the installation of electric vehicle charging stations, while “Futureproof” is also being done to accommodate emerging technologies on the roads, Chong said.
“When we planned the road network, we envisaged a future where autonomous vehicles and self-driving vehicles would become a reality.”
Cooler by Design
An artist’s impression on the 2.7-square-mile site. Credit: Courtesy Housing and Development Board
As such, quiet desire, growing up, is a necessity for residents. Instead of demonstrating air conditioning, Tengah planners have instead sought to reclaim it. The cold water is cooled using solar power, although the homes in the district will be piped in, meaning that residents do not need to install inefficient outdoor AC condensers (although they can still control the temperature in their apartments Can).
Planners use the benefits of air flow and heat across the city to help reduce the so-called urban heat island effect (which causes human activities and structures to heat urban areas more urbanly than surrounding nature) Used computer modeling to simulate. Elsewhere, “smart” lights will go off when public spaces are not empty, and garbage will be stored centrally, when the monitor detects that garbage needs to be collected.
“Instead of using a truck to collect garbage from every block, we will suck all the waste into a chamber through the pneumatic system,” Chong said. “From time to time, (garbage) trucks need to be collected from the chamber.”
One of the city’s five residential districts, known as the plantation district, will offer community farming. Credit: Courtesy Housing and Development Board
All residents will have access to the app allowing them to monitor their energy and water usage. (“You control them so that they can reduce their energy consumption, where they can cut down on their energy consumption,” Chong said.) Digital displays in each block, allowing occupants of their collective environmental impact Will inform, which may also encourage competition between residential blocks according to SG. group.
“To think about food consumption and how people use air conditioning is to (achieve climate goals),” she said. “Changing behavior is going to be an integral part of it and of course, urban design is the first way to influence and change behavior.”
Calling the project a “forest town”, planners aim to maintain some of the site’s natural greenery. Credit: Courtesy Housing and Development Board
Connecting with nature
For Hemel, the integration of nature and residential areas – which “creates more opportunities for people to interact with nature” – is where the outer centers of Tengaha are. In addition to the abovementioned forest corridor, city dwellers will have access to community farming in the so-called plantation district.
Hemel said that beyond promoting and conserving biodiversity, conserving nature on site could lead to further behavior change.
“There are many examples from around the world, which show that changing our relationship with nature through everyday encounters helps people take environmental action,” she said. “On that front I think the biophilic design and (Tenga’s) master plan do a really good job.”
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(In an email to CNN, the agency said it would later recreate the trees in the cleaned area and “make suitable temporary wildlife crossings … to provide a safe passage for animals during construction”.)
Nevertheless, Eco-Town has also been widely welcomed by Tenga’s critics, with the NSS concluding its environmental critics as stating that “heartfelt by this adventurous plan”.
What do these urban design initiatives mean for the rest of Singapore. When Tenga was first revealed in 2016, it was the first new city announced by the government of Singapore in two decades, meaning that every other neighborhood was designed long before the era of autonomous vehicles and Internet-enabled facilities . Chong readily admitted that “it is not so easy” to withdraw underground road networks and pneumatic dustbins in existing towns.
Nevertheless, he made a positive comment when asked if Tenga’s model offers future residential projects.
“We try to bring all lessons forward – whenever we can and to our full potential,” he said. “You look at Tenga and in short, you are looking into the future of what the government (sarkar) is trying to create: the future of cities.”