Sentiment terminology refers to a state of well-being, study suggests

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The terminology that is used to describe their emotions is indicative of mental and physical health and overall well-being, according to an analysis led by a scientist at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and published in it today. Nature communication. A larger negative emotion vocabulary – or different ways to describe similar emotions – correlates with greater psychological distress and poor physical health, while a larger positive emotion vocabulary correlates with better health and physical health.

“Our language indicates our expertise with states of emotion, we are more comfortable with it,” said lead author Vera Wine, lead author of postdoctoral fellows at the Department of Psychiatry at Pitt. “It seems that there are so many different ways in which we can name an emotion and how often and how likely we are to experience this experience.”

To understand that the depth of emotion terminology broadly coincides with lived experience, Vine and his team analyzed public blogs written by more than 355 individuals and stream-of-consciousness essays by 1,567 college students. Students also self-reported their mood periodically during the experiment.

Overall, people who made extensive use of words with negative emotions tended to display linguistic markers associated with low well-being – such as in the context of illness and being alone – with more depression and insanity, As well as reported poor physical health.

Conversely, people who used a variety of positive emotion words tended to display linguistic markers of well-being – such as in terms of leisure activities, achievements, and being part of a group – and dutifulness, aloofness, instinct , Reported higher rates of overall health. And lower rates of depression and neuroticism.

These findings suggest that a person’s vocabulary may correspond to emotional experiences, but do not speak out whether emotional terminology was helpful or harmful in bringing about emotional feelings.

“There’s a lot of excitement right now about expanding the emotional vocabulary of people and teaching them how to clarify negative emotions,” Winne said. “When we hear the phrase often, referring to negative emotions ‘name it.’, I hope that this paper can inspire clinical researchers who develop emotion-labeling interventions for clinical practice Doing, to study the potential pitfalls of encouraging over-labeling. Of negative emotions, and the potential utility of teaching positive words. ”

During stream-of-consciousness consciousness, Vine and colleagues found that students who used more names for sadness became unhappy during the experiment; Those who used more names for fear were more concerned; And those who used more names for anger became angry.

James W. As Peenbecker, Ph.D., professor of psychology at the University of Austin and Texas, “It is likely that people whose life experiences are more disturbing have developed rich negative sentiment vocabulary to describe the world around them . ” On the author project. “In everyday life, these same people can more easily label negative emotions that may ultimately affect their mood.”

A new strategy to reduce sadness: bring emotion to life

more information:
Vera Vines et al, Natural Sense Vocabulary as windows on crisis and wellbeing, Nature communication (2020). DOI: 10.1038 / s41467-020-18349-0

A custom open-source software developed by these researchers to help compute computation of emotions is called “Vocabulate”. It is available at and

Provided by the University of Pittsburgh

Quotes: Sentiment terminology reflects state of well-being, study suggests (2020, September 10) from vocabulary- state-well-being.html September 11 Retrieve 2020

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