Scientists use the particle accelerator to see inside the ancient Egyptian mummy



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Scientists at Northwestern University in Illinois were able to take a look at what's inside an ancient Egyptian mummy, using a high-energy particle accelerator to see inside and eliminate the possibility of damaging preserved remains.

The Hibbard mummy of Northwestern, as noted in PBS NewsHour dates back to the late 1st century AD. C. and contains the remains of a young woman who lived in an agricultural community west of the Nile. It is believed that the girl was five years old at the time of her death, and that the entire mummy weighed about 50 pounds. According to the Chicago Tribune the remains of the girl were found with an incrusted portrait when the mummy was unearthed in Hawaii, an archaeological site of Ancient Egypt.

Earlier this week, a team of researchers from Northwestern University took the mummy from Ancient Egypt to the Argonne National Laboratory, where scientists used high-energy X-rays to investigate various objects embedded within the mummy. PBS NewsHour emphasized that experiments with particle accelerators were far removed from the nineteenth-century English mummies performance parties, which were performed primarily "in the name of science and entertainment" and resulted in the destruction of many ancient specimens.

In a statement, materials scientist and leader of the Northwestern University study, Marc Walton, said that the main intention of his team to study the Hibbard mummy was to see how the physical sciences can be used to deconstruct art and "technology". 19659005] "We are trying to get into the artist's mind to understand why they are making certain decisions based on the economy of materials, their physical structure, and then use that information to be able to rewrite history." [19659006] Using state-of-the-art technology in @argonne an interdisciplinary group of scientists is working to unravel the secrets of the 1,900-year-old mummy. https://t.co/jS7nujdHGK pic.twitter.com/sFLZU1eWcD

– Northwestern (@NorthwesternU) November 30, 2017

With the help of high technology before This team, the Northwestern researchers could see a "more photorealistic representation" of the dead girl's face, compared to the usual highly idealized three-dimensional images that people present when they think of such relics. PBS wrote that painting the girl's face on a wooden panel was one of thousands of examples of portraits of Egyptian mummies, but one of the few of these portraits that are still intact along with her mummy.

One of the researchers, history of art Ph.D. the candidate Olivia Dill, helped to make a computed tomography in the mummy Hibbard, with the hope of determining the cause of the death of the girl. The girl had no visible injuries, which led investigators to theorize that she might have died of smallpox, malaria or tuberculosis, she wrote Chicago Tribune . Researcher Taco Terpstra, professor of clbadics and history at Northwestern, said that the death of the girl at an extremely early age was not unusual for the time, since life expectancy was approximately 25 years at that time, with approximately half of all children to see their tenth birthday.

The tomography also revealed a "small and mysterious object" wrapped in the girl's stomach, and although Dill admitted that it was difficult to determine the shape of the object, she believes it could have been "some kind of stone." [19659002] In addition to the mysterious object in the girl's stomach, the Northwestern team also found fragments of a bowl-shaped object inside her skull. Although the fragments do not appear to be made of glbad, the researchers are also not sure what the object was and what it could have been used for.

"The fragments inside the skull do not show any evidence of crystallinity," said researcher Stuart Stock, a molecular and cellular biologist at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern.

"I am inclined to think that the fragments are somewhat non-crystalline as the solidified tone".

Stuart Stock, Professor of Research in Cellular and Molecular Biology at Northwestern University, is using X-ray equipment for the scientific research of the 1,800-year-old Egyptian mummy. (VCG / Zbigniew Bzdak) pic.twitter.com/SsMY5Z9WVt

– Global Times (@globaltimesnews) November 29, 2017

Also explaining why he and his colleagues decided to use A particle accelerator to scan an ancient Egyptian mummy, Walton said PBS NewsHour that was also reduced to convenience, since the Hibbard mummy was housed at the Garrett Evangelical Theological Seminary of Northwestern. The mummy was given to Lydia Beekman Hibbard in exchange for her financial contributions to the excavations of the archaeologist Flinders Petrie in Hawara, although only a year later Hibbard donated the mummy to the seminary, then called Western Theological Seminary of Chicago.

Given the arrogant attitudes of the people who participated in the development of the mummies of Ancient Egypt in the 19th century, PBS wrote that the use of non-invasive scientific techniques by Northwest researchers could help art historians delve into the stories of mummified people, without harming mummies or disrespecting the fact that mummies are essentially preserved human remains.

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