Scientists create a mysterious HOT black ice using "instant freeze" water with giant lasers



Scientists create the mysterious HOT ICE that is thought to be common within frozen planets like Uranus by "instant freeze" water using giant lasers

  • Scientists have observed a super hot ice that can form the interior of the planets.
  • The superionic ice, as it is called, was made with a giant and powerful laser
  • The OMEGA laser pulses were able to pressurize and heat the water
  • This is the first time that scientists observe the atomic structure of the substance.
  • The research could help expand the knowledge of Neptune and Uranus

By James But for Dailymail.com

Published: 12:30 EDT, May 10, 2019 | Updated: 12:35 EDT, May 10, 2019

By uncovering water with lasers, the researchers were able to observe an "exotic" hot ice that, they say, could exist in much of the universe.

The findings, published in Nature by scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California, observe the characteristics of a substance called superionic ice, created by the same laboratory last year.

Now, using giant lasers to freeze water, scientists say they have been able to observe the microscopic structure of the hybrid substance that acts as a solid and a liquid.

Superionic ice acts as a solid and as a liquid, which leads researchers to describe the substance as

Superionic ice acts as a solid and as a liquid, which leads researchers to describe the substance as "exotic". An artistic representation is represented.

WHAT IS THE OMEGA LASER?

The OMEGA laser, located at the University of Rochester in New York, is among the most powerful lasers in the world.

It uses 60 beams to test different types of plasma, radiation and other materials.

Recently, it was used by researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to study the structure of superionic ice.

While facilities have been threatened with closure in recent years, they continue to be used to explore high-energy physics and other fields.

"We wanted to determine the atomic structure of the superionic water," said LLNL physicist Federica Coppari, who co-authored and authored the article.

"But given the extreme conditions in which this difficult state of matter is expected to be stable, compressing water at such pressures and temperatures and at the same time taking snapshots of the atomic structure was an extremely difficult task, which required an experimental design. innovative".

To carry out their observations, the researchers say they used one of the most powerful lasers in the world, the OMEGA Laser, at the Energy Laser Laboratory of the University of Rochester.

The six lasers were used to generate shock waves and compress water between 1 and 4 million times the atmospheric pressure of the Earth and between 3,300 and 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

To capture the actual structure of the newly formed superionic water ice, the researchers used 16 additional laser pulses to fire a sheet of iron that creates X-rays capable of illuminating the crystals.

"The X-ray diffraction patterns we measure are an unambiguous signature of the dense ice crystals that form during the ultra-fast compression of the shock wave, which shows that the nucleation of solid ice in liquid water is fast enough. to be observed in the time scale of the experiment in nanoseconds, "Coppari said.

The experiment not only adds to the growing body of evidence and science surrounding the mysterious superionic ice, it could also have implications for the nucleus of ice giants such as Uranus and Neptune.

It took one of the most powerful lasers in the world to demonstrate the existence of an exotic and superheated ice that could form the interior of the aquatic planets of the entire universe.

It took one of the most powerful lasers in the world to demonstrate the existence of an exotic and superheated ice that could form the interior of the aquatic planets of the entire universe.

While previous hypotheses postulated that the nuclei of the planets might be similar to those on Earth, the discovery shows that the mysterious icy substance observed by researchers may be a more likely candidate.

"It is probably best to imagine that the superionic ice would flow similarly to Earth's mantle, which is made of solid rock, but flows and supports large-scale convective movements on very long geologic time scales," said the physicist and co-author of LLNL, Marius. Millot.

"This can dramatically affect our understanding of the internal structure and evolution of the frozen giant planets, as well as all of their numerous extra-solar cousins."

The evidence for the substance confirms a projection that dates back to 1988, when scientists predicted that pressurization of oxygen and hydrogen within the nuclei of the water planets would create superionic ice.

HOW IS THE URANE MAGNETIC FIELD COMPARED WITH THE EARTH?

A recent study badyzing data collected more than 30 years ago by the Voyager 2 spacecraft found that the global magnetosphere of Uranus does not look anything like Earth, which is known to be almost aligned with the axis of rotation of our planet.

A fake color view of Uranus captured by Hubble is displayed

A fake color view of Uranus captured by Hubble is displayed

According to researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, this alignment would lead to behavior that is very different from what you see on Earth.

Uranus lies and turns sideways, leaving its magnetic field tilted 60 degrees from its axis.

As a result, the magnetic field "falls" asymmetrically in relation to the solar wind.

As a result, the magnetic field "falls" asymmetrically in relation to the solar wind.

When the magnetosphere is open, it allows the solar wind to flow inward.

But when it closes, it creates a shield against these particles.

The researchers suspect that the reconnection of the solar wind takes place upstream of the Uranus magnetosphere at different latitudes, which causes the magnetic flux to close in several places.

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