Saad Hariri took charge of Lebanon’s government for the fourth time


He is facing the grueling task of cabinet-making in a country that has still suffered since a major explosion that exploded in the capital in August. The country is in a financial meltdown, political infighting and widespread anger among the ruling elite of Beirut.

In a speech on Thursday following his appointment as Prime Minister, Hariri said he would move quickly to form a new government “because time is running out and this is the last and only chance of our beloved country.” ”

“I tell the people of Lebanon, who are facing the hardships of despair, I say that I am dedicated to stopping our promises that threaten our economy, our security, and to rebuild the terrible port explosion Is working. Beirut, “Hariri said.

Hariri said that he would form a political and technical government to implement comprehensive reforms. The move put him in loggerheads with opponents of the country’s Hezbollah-backed parliamentary majority, who have repeatedly rejected proposals to form a cabinet of technocrats.

If Hariri succeeds in forming the next government, he will go on to premiere for the fourth time. Hariri, a head of the country’s political class, is the son of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri and the most high-Sunni Muslim political leader in Lebanon.
Lebanon’s political system allocates the post of prime minister to a Sunni Muslim, and Hariri’s return will be frustrated by many anti-country protesters who have called for an end to the country’s power-sharing system.
Hariri is best known internationally for his shock resignation of the Premiership in 2017 during a visit to Saudi Arabia in 2017. His resignation is believed to have been coerced by Saudi Arabia, where he was allegedly detained when he reached Riyadh. Hariri and Saudi Arabia have repeatedly denied those claims, and weeks later, he resigned.
The former prime minister, who left the Premiership for much of last year, has vowed to move through reforms backed by the international community and dictated by French President Emmanuel Macron during his two visits to Beirut in recent months .
The Lebanese uprising never wanted power.  Then Beirut exploded and everything changed

Macron has sought to clash with a political resolution to the Lebanese crisis in an attempt to prevent the collapse of the state in the wake of an explosion at the port of Beirut that devastated the city and killed 203 people. He raised more than $ 200 million at an international conference to aid Lebanon, and placed future financial support on the roadmap of reforms, known as the “French initiative” in Lebanon.

Rival political groups in Lebanon have supported Macron’s roadmap, but political wrangling over the size of Lebanon’s next government has been ongoing for the past two months.

Harries will take over from acting Prime Minister Hassan Dib, a technocrat who was brought to power by a Hezbollah-backed parliamentary majority. Diab resigned about a week after the Port explosion, rejecting calls from angry protesters. The explosion has been blamed on government neglect of a warehouse containing hundreds of tons of ammonium nitrate, although an investigation into the incident has been criticized by rights groups for lack of transparency and failing to produce results.
Following Diab’s resignation, Hariri-backed diplomat Mustafa Adeeb was named prime minister, but later stepped down after failing to break a political deadlock over the formation of a cabinet. Macron has publicly insulted the Lebanese ruling elite, accusing the political class of “mass betrayal”.

Mustafa Salem of CNN contributed to this report from Abu Dhabi.

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