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Report on trafficking in persons highlights the vulnerability of children



WASHINGTON – Children removed from their families and placed in care institutions are at increased risk of being trafficked, he warned on Thursday in an annual report.

The State Department report, which places governments in their efforts to combat slavery and the meat trade, left the Trump administration open to accusations of hypocrisy since the country's "zero tolerance" immigration policy The government has separated more than 2,000 migrant children from their parents in the southern border of the country. 19659007] The Trafficking in Persons report was presented at a ceremony at the State Department by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and presidential adviser Ivanka Trump.

"Our commitment to fighting (dealing with people) and ending this together is incredibly strong," Pompeo said. "The world should know that we will not stop before we know that human trafficking is a thing of the past."

Ivanka Trump attended the ceremony and handed out awards to people recognized for helping to combat human trafficking, but made no comments

Among the countries degraded to "level 3", the lowest rank was Myanmar, also known as Burma. The report cited his military operations in the Rakhine state that forced hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims to flee to Bangladesh. Other countries with "Level 3" status include China, North Korea and Iran.

Countries at level 3 may be sanctioned with sanctions, including the withholding of non-humanitarian assistance and assistance that could affect agreements with the International Monetary Fund and the World. Bank. The president retains the authority to relinquish sanctions in the national interests of the United States. UU Or if sanctions can negatively affect vulnerable populations. Countries that receive the worst designation have often received such exemptions.

The United States is at level 1, among the countries that most effectively fight against trafficking in persons.

In a long section on the detrimental effects of the institutionalization of children, the report states that "the removal of a child from the family should only be considered as a temporary last resort".

Children detained in "government facilities may be easy targets for traffickers" due to the "physical and psychological effects of staying" in residential institutions, combined with social isolation and often insufficient regulatory oversight of governments " , said the report.

Recently, the Trump administration reduced the "zero tolerance" policy that separated more than 2,300 migrant families.After the worldwide uproar over politics, President Donald Trump issued an order to temporarily halt the practice. to separate families at the border and prosecute parents and guardians, but government officials say the policy remains intact.

When asked to explain the disconnect between US policy and the traffic report, a senior government official State Department said that the report published on Thursday covers from April 1, 20 17 until the end of March 2018. The administration began to implement the zero tolerance policy in May of this year. The official added that the report describes the ways in which all countries, including those listed at the top level, can improve.

Human rights activists said that the administration should take its own advice.

"The State The Department deserves credit for its comprehensive and eloquent exposition of the horrors of the institutionalization of children," said John Sifton, promotion director of Human Rights Watch. "We strongly urge White House officials and the Department of Homeland Security to read that section in the context of their procedures to prosecute asylum seekers and others seeking to enter the United States," he added.

Myanmar was also included in a list of countries identified as recruiting and using child soldiers by government forces or armed groups aligned with the government. Iran and Iraq have also been added to the list this year, potentially subjecting their government to restrictions on security assistance and commercial licenses for military equipment.

Thailand, which has faced global scrutiny over the use of slave labor on fishing vessels, was promoted from a watch list at level 2. The report cited its convictions of traffickers and accomplices, including 11 involved in the traffic of Rohingya migrants.

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