Analysis of the skull revealed that the girl was aged between 15 and 18 at the time of the girl’s death, had her nose and lips severed, and would have given her the skull as a punishment.
The team of researchers at University College London (UCL) believe that he died shortly after surviving the injuries, as there was no evidence of treatment in the remains.
Using radiocarbon dating, researchers were able to infer that the remains date back to between 776 and 899 AD.
“The case is known from Anglo-Saxon England, which appears to be the first archaeological example of this brutal form of facial deformity in particular,” the UCL team said in a press release for the findings, published in the journal Entity.
The study stated that all previously known historical records of such punishments date back nearly a century, making it the first physical evidence to support written records.
A brutally lying skull was found on a site in the southern English city of Basingstoke in the 1960s, excavated just before the site was developed into a housing estate.
Decades after its discovery, researchers analyzed the fully fragmented skull. He found that the victim had suffered multiple injuries to her face at the time of her death, including a cut on her mouth, which had removed her lips, and a cut on her forehead.
According to the press release, “He suffered a cut through his nose that cut so deep through the surrounding bone.”
Although researchers were able to determine the manner in which she died, very few people know about the woman.
Researchers found no evidence that he was buried in a common cemetery, suggesting that he was buried as an outcast.
This in itself could be a punishment, as deportation was also a common penalty in Anglo-Saxon England.