PTSD may have double risk of dementia, new analysis finds

The disorder occurs when symptoms of a psychological trauma disrupt daily functioning for at least a month. The nation has been recovering from the effects of the deadly novel coronovirus for the past seven months.

Experience of epidemic-related trauma that can result in PTSD increases for frontline doctors and nurses And Families that have lost loved ones and sick patients, experts say, especially if they have been on ventilators.
In addition, a group of 24 international mental health experts worry that severe acute respiratory syndrome occurring in some patients with Kovid-19 may infect the brain or trigger immune responses that increase brain function and mental function in patients. Are harmful to health. Experts expressed their concerns in a paper published in the Lancet Psychiatry Journal in April.
Parents and other caregivers are under more stress and in poor health due to the epidemic, the report found

“PTSD, which appears to be common in people hospitalized with Kovid-19, remains in an underdeveloped, curative and resected mental health condition, yet can have serious long-term consequences,” said senior doctor Vasily Orgeta Said, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at University College London, in a statement.

“Our study provides important new evidence for how traumatic experiences can affect brain health, and how the long-term effects of trauma can be on the brain in many ways, such as cognitive decline and dementia,” Orgeta said.

Dr., the founding neurologist of the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at New York-Presbyterian & Weill Cornell Medical Center. Richard Isakson said, “I am not at all surprised that the most severe levels of stress are associated with post traumatic stress disorder dementia.” The study was not included.

“Over the past decade, there has been just an explosion of evidence that stress is absolutely critical as a risk factor for many chronic medical conditions ranging from Alzheimer’s to diabetes and heart disease,” Isakson said.

Twice the risk for non-miliary

Calling the study “the first meta-analysis of global evidence on PTSD and dementia risk”, the study looked at data from about 17 million people from 13 of the four studies Continents.

Post-traumatic growth: With support, some traumas can help us grow.

According to the study’s eight figures, people with PTSD faced a 1% to 2% higher risk of dementia by 17 years later.

And it was not military veterans who were most at risk. People with PTSD in the general population – possibly physical or sexual abuse, at risk Death, car accident, terrorism, or other trauma – were more than twice as likely to develop dementia than adults with no such diagnosis.

Veterans with PTSD were one and a half times more likely to develop dementia than vets without PTSD.

According to the National Center for PTSD, a program at the US Center of Veteran Affairs, seven or eight out of every 100 people will experience PTSD in their lifetime. Women are more likely than men to develop PTSD.

Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks, in which the person is somehow related to the traumatic event, and physical symptoms such as a racing heart or sweating. Recollections or nightmares are also a sign.

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People with PTSD will also try to avoid thoughts or feelings related to trauma, and they can often change their behavior to stay away from people, places, or objects that are reminders of the experience.

Cognition and emotional behavior can change with PTSD – having negative or distorted thoughts, trouble concentrating or remembering, losing interest in activities, feeling isolated and unable to feel pleasure is all for people with the disorder. Are normal.

An increased state of excitement is another important signal. Symptoms include being easily startled, feeling guard or irritable, behaving risky or destructively, or having an angry and aggressive outbreak.

It is not entirely clear why PTSD would bring on dementia, but many symptoms of the disorder, such as hypovigilance and the experience of re-trauma would certainly put the brain on high alert, flooding it with stress hormones.

The study notes that being resilient to PTSD is associated with increased social support and more positive thinking, separating from moody and family “may decrease cognitive reserve and resilience”.

“Post-traumatic stress disorder is a variable risk factor? I’d say yes,” Iskeson said. “If we can identify it, we can reduce it with stress reduction techniques, with seeing qualified medical professionals, using pharmacologic and non-pharmacological treatments, seeing a psychiatrist or seeing a therapist . We also need more research on how to reduce stress. Order to protect brain health over time. “

CNN’s Amy Woodayt and Jacqueline Howard contributed to this report.