Probiotics may help manage childhood obesity, study finds


In combination with a calorie-controlled diet, the probiotic strain Bifidobacterium breve can help obese children and adolescents lose weight, according to a small study presented 22 on e-ECE 2020, 22 of Endocrinology 5th European Congress.
Our gut microbiota are a dynamic population of over 100 trillion microorganisms within our gastrointestinal tract, and they are responsible for immune function, normal metabolism, and maintaining protection against pathogens. Diet has been considered a major driver of the gut microbiota, and imbalances in the microbiota have been linked to diseases and infections.

Similar to or similar to microorganisms naturally present within our body, some of these probiotics can aid in the digestion, vitamin production, and destruction of disease-causing cells.

Bifidobacteria are one of the most common bacteria used in probiotics because they naturally live in our stomach and intestines and protect against pathogens, regulate our immune system and provide nutrients by breaking down carbohydrates and fiber . This tension Also produces short-chain-fatty-acids, which also play an important role in controlling gut health, appetite, and weight.

Earlier research used a mixture of probiotic strains to assess the effect on obesity management, so the authors of the present study tried to find out what happened when they administered bifidobacteria alone.

Probiotics for weight management

The authors studied 100 children and adolescents between the ages of 6 and 18 with obesity and insulin resistance – a condition in which muscle, fat, and liver cells do not react well to insulin and ease blood sugar. The pancreas produces more insulin to help glucose enter the cells. Reduced absorption creates a buildup of glucose in the blood over time, possibly setting the stage for the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Probiotics do not do much for the health of most people, regardless of health, find reviews.

All children had studied on a Mediterranean-style diet with a calorie limit to suit their needs, the study’s lead author, Drs. Flavia is an associate professor in clinical nutrition at the Department of Health Sciences at the University of Piomete Orientale in Prodame, Italy. Baby then Received either probiotics or a placebo for eight weeks.

Both groups eventually developed body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, insulin resistance and e. Experienced a decrease in the concentrations of coli bacteria. However, participants taking probiotics reported weight loss, insulin sensitivity, and e. See higher results in coli concentrations.

That the effect of probiotics continued for a few weeks, when children stopped taking it, is an unusual finding for studies on probiotics, Drs. Said Christopher Moran, a pediatrician and gastroenterologist and director of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition fellowship at Messenger’s Children for Children in New York. , Which was not included in the study.

“Many studies show that when you stop taking probiotics, it disappears in the intestines and does not have a long-lasting (effect),” said Moran, who at Harvard Medical School in pediatrics Is also an assistant professor.

Supporting your baby’s stomach health

Parents interested in taking care of their child’s stomach microbiota for weight management or overall health can look at whole food sources. Many fermented foods and cultured dairy products – such as yogurt, kefir, goat milk, aged cheese, kimchi, miso and sauerkraut – contain live probiotics. Packaged food may contain single or multiple probiotic strains, but the interbine label may indicate which strains are present and whether they are live and active.
4 habits for a healthy gut

Foods such as “wheat, onions, bananas, garlic and leeks” can also feed bifidobacteria into our guts, Proedam said.

Moran said that some probiotic strains in children may or may not be genetically and environmentally deficient, but microbiota composition “may depend directly on foods in particular, as well as changes in the microbiota when we eat processed foods.” Are included.”

“It is most important to eat a varied diet and avoid lots of processed foods,” Moran said. “The more processed foods you eat, the more likely you are to have a bad effect on the microbiome. This can increase obesity, but potentially in conditions of (gastrointestinal) Crops disease such as GI tract distress and inflammation. Can also be. “

Unknown of probiotics

How probiotic supplements can modify the gut microbiota, and therefore additional, longer studies is necessary to understand metabolism and weight.

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“There is data that already suggests that obesity is (may be) linked to microbiome changes, although that data does not describe much whether microbiome changes came first … or changes in weight Happened and then microbiome changes occurred, ”Moran said in an email. “We also know that many major dietary changes (especially restriction diets) have a major impact on our microbiome.”

Despite how popular probiotic dietary supplements have become, many of them do not require approval by the US Food and Drug Administration before hitting shelves. Probiotics sold as drugs or treatments for specific conditions must first be proven safe and effective through clinical trials and approved by the FDA.

“, Although probiotics are generally considered safe for most people, the majority of probiotic tests have not reported safety data because these data have been reported in pharmaceutical trials,” Dr. Said Geoffrey Predis, a pediatrician and assistant professor in the department. Pediatrics at the Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital.

“The risk of side effects may be higher than we think,” Predis, who was not involved in the study, said. “Parents should consult their children’s doctors before beginning any probiotic diet.”

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