Food safety regulations have a greater impact on diners to remove hedgerows, ponds and other natural habitats from farms to follow wildlife and livestock that carry on. But this could come at the cost of biodiversity.
New research is published today Journal of Applied Ecology Inspiring to keep out of new beetles and bacteria at farms as they naturally do. E. coli and dangerous new patches before spreading to humans.
Wild and domestic faeces are known to pollute the fruit in the field, creating illnesses borne by food. Wild, or wild, pigs are particularly vulnerable to moving around patches because farmers are unable to control where or when these large animals might appear.
Matthew Jones, who led the research as part of a Ph.D. Washington State University project said: "Farmers are bigger and more involved in food production without food. If someone can get rid of a return brought to a particular farm it can be replicated. t being boring to them. ” t
“As a result, much takes away natural habitats from farm fields to encourage a visit by animals or wildlife, making the farmland so pleasant for pollen and insects or other productive birds”, he said.
The fort takes feet on the ground and makes it difficult for panto to thrive. To explore how this might support food safety, please entice a full-time expert at the western end of the USA to pursue broccoli at 70 farm steadings during the growing season. Brocoli, akin to leafy greens, can be contaminated with dirty polluting, due to its subtleties on the ground and its similar nature; in which people receive it without cooking.
The pig dirt was used to attract dung beetles and see how quickly they cleaned. The experiment was carried out at normal and organic farms, and farms with or without stock.
The organic farms were likely to attract a diverse range of otter beetle species which were very effective for holding patches carried by food at the bay. At normal fields or those surrounded by grazing land, some less effective species introduced ( tOnthophagus nuchicornis) exceeds the number of native colored beetles.
“We found that organic farms altogether had killed adult beetle species that had taken away the shoots quicker than at normal farms”, said Dr William Snyder of Washington State University.
Beetles are more likely to kill harmful bacteria when they are eating and burialing their feet. Previous research also suggests that beetles had antibiotic-like materials.
To prove these results, the researchers published the three most common species found in the outer dish with pollution contamination. E. coli. A test lab was done that 7-day Torture waves and Onthophagus nuchicornis, which both bury their legs as part of their breeding behavior, are reduced E. coli and the number 90%
They also found that organic farming encouraged higher biodiversity among new bacteria, which reduced the survival of patches.
"Toxins are poisoning and can fight amongst each other and may be the same thing here", said Snyder.
These results suggest that field beetles and new worms could develop the natural barrier of human organisms on farms, arguing for fewer insects and encouraging more plants and insects.
“Wildlife and animals are often seen as endangering the risk of food safety, but our research shows that reducing biodiversity on a farm is completely at odds with production,” Jones said.
"Team clean of dung beetles and bacteria are very quickly removing dirt and the patches in them."
Use of some pests has long to kill the beetle numbers
Jones MS, Fu Z, Reganold JP, et al. Organic farming encourages resistance to biotic activity from meeting human human patrols. Ecol J Appl. 2019; 00: 1-11. DOI: 10.1111 / 1365-2664.13365